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Integration in Gasoline and Ethanol Markets in Brazil over Time and Space under the Flex-fuel Technology

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  • Nuñez, Hector M.
  • Otero, Jesús

Abstract

We employ a pair-wise approach to analyse regional integration in the gasoline and ethanol markets in Brazil. Using weekly price data for these two fuels at the state level over a period of almost 10 years, we find that more than half of the fuel price differentials are stationary, which reveals the importance of allowing for spatial considerations when testing for market integration. We find that the speed at which prices converge to the long-run equilibrium depends upon the distance between states and the similarity between tax regimes. Other demand and supply factors such as population density, number of gas stations and GDP per capita are not statistically significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Nuñez, Hector M. & Otero, Jesús, 2015. "Integration in Gasoline and Ethanol Markets in Brazil over Time and Space under the Flex-fuel Technology," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 204306, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea15:204306
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Demand and Price Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • F0 - International Economics - - General

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