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Impact de l’accroissement du prix des produits pétroliers sur la distribution des revenus au Mali

Listed author(s):
  • Kangni KPODAR


Cet article étudie les effets d’une augmentation des prix des produits pétroliers sur la distribution des revenus au Mali en utilisant une analyse micro-macro basée sur la combinaison de données d’enquête-ménages et d’une matrice input-output. Les résultats montrent que, parmi les produits pétroliers consommés par les ménages, l’accroissement du prix du pétrole lampant affecte négativement le revenu des ménages pauvres plus que l’accroissement du prix de l’essence et du gasoil. Globalement, l’impact de la hausse du prix des produits pétroliers suit une relation en U inversé avec le niveau de dépense par tête, les ménages des classes moyennes étant moins affectés que les ménages pauvres et les ménages riches. Par ailleurs, quel que soit le produit pétrolier considéré, les prix subventionnés à la pompe bénéficient plus aux ménages à haut revenu qu’aux ménages à faible revenu. Ceci suggère que les subventions implicites ou explicites aux prix domestiques des produits pétroliers sont des mécanismes peu efficaces, comparés à des subventions ciblées, pour protéger les ménages pauvres. Une réforme du système de fixation des prix domestiques est par conséquent souhaitable afin de réorienter l’affectation des ressources budgétaires aux objectifs de réduction de la pauvreté.

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Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 200701.

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Length: 31
Date of creation: 2007
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:864
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  1. Gately, D. & Streifel, S.S., 1997. "The demand for Oil Products in Developing Countries," World Bank - Discussion Papers 359, World Bank.
  2. Dermot Gately & Hiliard G. Huntington, 2002. "The Asymmetric Effects of Changes in Price and Income on Energy and Oil Demand," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 1), pages 19-55.
  3. Abbas Valadkhani & William F. Mitchell, 2002. "Assessing the Impact of Changes in Petroleum Prices on Inflation and Household Expenditures in Australia," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 35(2), pages 122-132.
  4. McDonald, Scott & van Schoor, Melt, 2005. "A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Analysis of the Impact of an Oil Price Increase in South Africa," Working Paper Series 15633, PROVIDE Project.
  5. Alves, Denisard C. O. & De Losso da Silveira Bueno, Rodrigo, 2003. "Short-run, long-run and cross elasticities of gasoline demand in Brazil," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 191-199, March.
  6. Benedict J. Clements & Sanjeev Gupta & Hong-Sang Jung, 2003. "Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization; The Case of Indonesia," IMF Working Papers 03/204, International Monetary Fund.
  7. John C.B. Cooper, 2003. "Price elasticity of demand for crude oil: estimates for 23 countries," OPEC Energy Review, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, vol. 27(1), pages 1-8, March.
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