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Les inégalités de genre dans l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche

Author

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  • Anne Revillard

    () (OSC - Observatoire sociologique du changement - Sciences Po - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Dans leur policy brief intitulé « Pourquoi les femmes occupent-elles moins de postes à responsabilité ? Une analyse des promotions universitaires en économie 1» reprenant les conclusions d’un working paper récemment publié dans le cadre du LIEPP (Bosquet, Combes, & Garcia Penalosa, 2014), Clément Bosquet, Pierre-Philippe Combes et Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa apportent une contribution importante à l’analyse des inégalités de genre dans l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche (ESR) en France. Sur le plan méthodologique, les deux atouts majeurs de leur démarche résident d’une part dans le volume et la qualité de la base de données utilisée et d’autre part dans l’intégration, dans l’analyse des promotions, d’une mesure de la production scientifique des candidat.e.s. Cette discussion revient sur l’intérêt des résultats de l’exploitation de ces données et sur les explications proposées, avant de proposer un élargissement du questionnement à partir d’une problématisation du concept de genre. En effet, alors que les auteur.e.s tendent à le réduire à une caractéristique descriptive des individus, l’analyse sociologique du genre comme système social permet d’interroger les ressorts institutionnels des inégalités constatées.

Suggested Citation

  • Anne Revillard, 2014. "Les inégalités de genre dans l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche," Working Papers hal-01087572, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01087572
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01087572
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    File URL: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01087572/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bosquet, Clément & Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2013. "Gender and competition: evidence from academic promotions in France," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58350, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Clément Bosquet & Pierre-Philippe Combes & Cecilia García-Peñalosa, 2013. "Gender and Competition: Evidence from Academic Promotions in France," Working Papers halshs-00875204, HAL.
    3. Bosquet, Clément & Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2013. "Gender and competition: evidence from academic promotions in France," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58350, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    4. Frédérique Pigeyre & Mareva Sabatier, 2012. "Recruter les Professeurs d'Université : Le Cas du Concours d'Agrégation du Supérieur en Sciences de Gestion," Post-Print hal-00825990, HAL.
    5. Bosquet, Clément & Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2013. "Gender and competition: evidence from academic promotions in France," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58350, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. Clément Bosquet & Pierre-Philippe Combes & Cecila Garcia-Penalosa, 2013. "Gender and Competition: Evidence from Academic Promotions in France," SERC Discussion Papers 0147, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
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    Keywords

    Gender; Genre;

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