The Use of Transferable Permits in the Transport Sector
This report focuses on the potential use of domestic transferable permit (TPs) systems in the transport sector, in order to address the issue of mobility needs management and especially the reductions of airborne pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Firstly the context of the transport sector is briefly reviewed, the main arguments for or against the use of TPs in the sector are analysed and relevant areas are identified. Secondly four case studies of past, present or possible future permits systems are presented and evaluated. The main conclusions are: TPs applied to mobile sources are technically feasible at acceptable financial costs for protecting sensitive geographic areas. TPs schemes applied to automakers for unit vehicle emissions are also viable. Clarity, simplicity in target and pragmatism in scheme design help for their success. Regarding the broader GHG issue end-user TPs would currently involve significant administrative costs when compared with fuel tax system. Given the social resistance encountered by increase in fuel taxes in several countries, end-user TPs with free allocation may intrinsically have potential greater effectiveness and acceptance and should be thoroughly evaluated case-by-case as an alternative.
|Date of creation:||2002|
|Publication status:||Published in OECD (Ed.). Implementing Domestic Tradeable Permits. Recent Developments and Future Challenges, OECD, pp. 141-185, 2002, OECD Proceedings|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00080454|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
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