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La dimension politique dans l’approche de la proximité

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  • Damien Talbot

    () (CleRMa - Clermont Recherche Management - Clermont Auvergne - École Supérieure de Commerce (ESC) - Clermont-Ferrand - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne)

Abstract

Opposing heterogeneous agents, imposing choices, and making divergent interests compatible, are all political prerequisites for agent coordination. Although these political prerequisites are not entirely ignored in proximity literature, such literature does tend to insist, for the most part, on cognitive perspective: the biggest beneficial effect of proximity is that of facilitating knowledge-sharing between agents. The principal objective of this paper is to propose both political and cognitive conceptions of proximity. In order to do so, we use the concept of institution, to examine the relations between these concepts-proximity and institution. We obtain one principal result: proximity is an institutional fact, which itself divides up two sub-categories, organizational and geographical proximity. Organizational proximity refers to the cognitive and political coordination of agents. Geographical proximity between actors is a latent resource. This resource would only be activated if the agents share organizational proximity.

Suggested Citation

  • Damien Talbot, 2010. "La dimension politique dans l’approche de la proximité," Post-Print hal-02364226, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02364226
    DOI: 10.3166/ges.12.125-144
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02364226
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    File URL: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02364226/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Christophe Carrincazeaux & Michel Grossetti & Damien Talbot, 2008. "Clusters, Proximities and Networks," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(5), pages 613-616, June.
    2. Christophe Carrincazeaux & Yannick Lung & Jérôme Vicente, 2007. "The Scientific Trajectory of the French School of Proximity: Interaction- and Institution-based Approaches to Regional Innovation Systems," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(5), pages 617-628, December.
    3. Raphaël Suire & Jérôme Vicente, 2008. "Théorie économique des clusters et management des réseaux d'entreprises innovantes," Revue française de gestion, Lavoisier, vol. 0(4), pages 119-136.
    4. Raphaël Suire & Jérôme Vicente, 2008. "Théorie économique des clusters et management des réseaux d'entreprises innovantes," Post-Print halshs-00331320, HAL.
    5. Lise Bourdeau-Lepage & Jean-Marie Huriot, 2009. "Proximités et interactions : une reformulation," Géographie, économie, société, Lavoisier, vol. 11(3), pages 233-249.
    6. Bernard Jullien & A. Smith, 2008. "Conclusion: The Politics of Industry and Globalization," Post-Print hal-00294022, HAL.
    7. Frederic Rychen & Jean-Benoit Zimmermann, 2008. "Clusters in the Global Knowledge-based Economy: Knowledge Gatekeepers and Temporary Proximity," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(6), pages 767-776.
    8. Bernard Jullien, 2008. "Introduction: Industries, Globalization and Politics," Post-Print hal-00294009, HAL.
    9. André Torre, 2009. "Retour sur la notion de Proximité Géographique," Géographie, économie, société, Lavoisier, vol. 11(1), pages 63-75.
    10. Raphaël Suire & Jérôme Vicente, 2008. "Théorie économique des clusters et management des réseaux," Post-Print halshs-00481858, HAL.
    11. Andre Torre & Alain Rallet, 2005. "Proximity and Localization," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(1), pages 47-59.
    12. Damien Talbot & Thierry Kirat, 2005. "Proximité et Institutions : nouveaux éclairages," Post-Print hal-00383264, HAL.
    13. Damien Talbot, 2008. "EADS, une transition inachevée. Une lecture par les catégories de la proximité," Post-Print hal-00153211, HAL.
    14. O. Bouba-Olga & Christophe Carrincazeaux & Marie Coris, 2008. "La proximité : 15 ans déjà !," Post-Print hal-00254915, HAL.
    15. Olivier Bouba-Olga & Michel Grossetti, 2008. "Socio-économie de proximité," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(3), pages 311-328.
    16. Damien Talbot, 2008. "EADS, une transition inachevée. Une lecture par les catégories de la proximité," Post-Print hal-02364242, HAL.
    17. Damien Talbot, 2008. "Les institutions créatrices de proximités," Post-Print hal-02364234, HAL.
    18. Commons, John R., 1931. "Institutional Economics," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 21, pages 648-657.
    19. Searle, John R., 2005. "What is an institution?," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 1-22, June.
    20. Damien Talbot, 2008. "Les institutions créatrices de proximités," Post-Print hal-00274270, HAL.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Laurent Mériade & Benoit Nautré & Corinne Rochette & Damien Talbot, 2017. "Les effets de la Proximité sur l'exécution des politiques publiques : L'exemple d'un Centre de Lutte contre le Cancer (CLCC)," Post-Print hal-02327098, HAL.
    2. Gilly, Jean-Pierre & Kechidi, Med & Talbot, Damien, 2014. "Resilience of organisations and territories: The role of pivot firms," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 596-602.
    3. Damien Talbot, 2013. "Clusterisation et délocalisation : les proximités construites par Thales Avionics Clusterization and delocalization: proximities built by Thales Avionics," Post-Print hal-02331225, HAL.
    4. Anne Albert-Cromarias & Alexandre Asselineau, 2017. "Compétences territoriales et cycle de vie du territoire, socles de la réindustrialisation," Post-Print hal-02366207, HAL.
    5. Damien Talbot, 2015. "Contrôles et proximités au sein de la supply chain aéronautique," Post-Print hal-02351969, HAL.
    6. Damien Talbot, 2018. "Proximités et contrôles," Post-Print halshs-02351806, HAL.
    7. Corinne Rochette & Cédrine Zumbo-Lebrument, 2017. "La co-construction d'une démarche de marketing territorial : une lecture des parties prenantes d'une marque partagée," Post-Print hal-02328069, HAL.

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