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La dimension politique dans l'approche de la proximité


  • Damien Talbot


Opposing heterogeneous agents, imposing choices, and making divergent interests compatible, are all political prerequisites for agent coordination. Although these political prerequisites are not entirely ignored in proximity literature, such literature does tend to insist, for the most part, on cognitive perspective: the biggest beneficial effect of proximity is that of facilitating knowledge-sharing between agents. The principal objective of this paper is to propose both political and cognitive conceptions of proximity. In order to do so, we use the concept of institution, to examine the relations between these concepts - proximity and institution. We obtain one principal result: proximity is an institutional fact, which itself divides up two sub-categories, organizational and geographical proximity. Organizational proximity refers to the cognitive and political coordination of agents. Geographical proximity between actors is a latent resource. This resource would only be activated if the agents share organizational proximity.

Suggested Citation

  • Damien Talbot, 2010. "La dimension politique dans l'approche de la proximité," Géographie, économie, société, Lavoisier, vol. 12(2), pages 125-144.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:geslav:ges_122_0125

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    Cited by:

    1. Gilly, Jean-Pierre & Kechidi, Med & Talbot, Damien, 2014. "Resilience of organisations and territories: The role of pivot firms," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 596-602.
    2. Marius Chevallier & Julien Dellier & Gaël Plumecocq & Frédéric Richard, 2014. "Dynamiques et structuration des circuits courts agroalimentaires en Limousin : distance institutionnelle, proximités spatiale et relationnelle," Géographie, économie, société, Lavoisier, vol. 16(3), pages 339-362.
    3. Zilacene Dekli, 2015. "L’institutionnalisation des observatoires sociaux : quels enjeux pour les acteurs d’une organisation ?," Post-Print halshs-01159647, HAL.
    4. Arnaud Bichon & Céline Desmarais & Sandra Dubouloz, 2018. "Barriers To Managerial Innovation Adoption On The Level Of A Territory. The Case Of A Territorial Hr Management Instrumentation In Public Administration
      [Les Barrieres A L'Adoption D'Une Innovation
      ," Post-Print hal-01709550, HAL.
    5. Claire Capo & Odile Chanut, 2015. "Towards a clusterisation of urban logistics through proximity on a territory
      [Clusterisation territoriale de la logistique urbaine par le levier de la proximité]
      ," Post-Print hal-01755476, HAL.
    6. Julien Noel & Laurent Le Grel, 2018. "Proximities activation in relocalized food supply chain. The case of two territorialized collective organizations in Pays-de-la-Loire region
      [L'activation des proximités dans les filières alimentai
      ," Post-Print hal-01718368, HAL.
    7. Carrincazeaux, Christophe & Coris, Marie & Piveteau, Alain, 2010. "Délocalisations : de quoi parle-t-on ?De la quantification des opérations à la qualification des processus," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 8.
    8. Damien TALBOT (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2011. "Institutions, organizations and space: forms of proximity (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2011-06, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    9. Dominique Feillet & Nabil Absi & Sylvain Housseman & Xavier Libeaut & Federico Rodes & Odile Chanut & Claire Capo & Isabelle Bardin & Emmanuelle Moesch, 2014. "Down Town Purchase Porterage Services
      [Le portage d'achat en Centre-ville, vers la mise en place d'un service de proximité de centre-ville, Rapport scientifique]
      ," Working Papers hal-01746013, HAL.
    10. André Torre & Frederic Wallet Wallet, 2013. "The role of proximity relations in regional and territorial development processes," ERSA conference papers ersa13p792, European Regional Science Association.


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