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Vers une alternative au paradigme de la rationalité ? Victoires et déboires du programme spinoziste en économie

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  • Michaël Lainé

    () (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - UP13 - Université Paris 13 - USPC - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Lordon impulse un ambitieux programme spinoziste qui se veut une alternative au paradigme de la rationalité. En mettant l'accent sur les affects et la puissance, il rompt en effet avec force sur deux points aveugles de ce paradigme. Tous les phénomènes psychiques sont censés résulter du mimétisme. Il existe une tension entre rivalité et mimétisme qui pose de sérieuses difficultés à toute théorie essayant de penser les relations interindividuelles. De fait les analyses de Lordon seront contrastées avec celles de Girard. Une autre tension la parcourt, celle entre mimétisme et distinction. Nous examinerons la filiation revendiquée à Bourdieu. Enfin, nous interrogerons les ambiguïtés du programme spinoziste : y a-t-il, comme pour le paradigme dominant, déterminisme des affects et primauté du rapport aux choses sur le rapport aux personnes ?

Suggested Citation

  • Michaël Lainé, 2014. "Vers une alternative au paradigme de la rationalité ? Victoires et déboires du programme spinoziste en économie," Post-Print hal-01335618, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01335618
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01335618
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    References listed on IDEAS

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