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Taux de marge et structure financière

  • Jean-Bernard Chatelain

    ()

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Cet article montre que le taux de marge de l'entreprise, le capital et l'espérance du taux d'utilisation des capacités de production dépendent de sa structure financière (le ratio dette/fonds propres) lorsque l'investissement est irréversible face à l'incertitude et lorsqu'il y a asymétrie d'information entre l'entrepreneur et ses prêteurs. Le taux de marge dépend positivement de la probabilité d'excès de demande et donc négativement du capital. Le capital s'accroît avec le ratio du taux de marge rapporté au coût du capital. Une contrainte financière sur le capital accroît la probabilité d'excès de demande, ce qui entraîne une hausse simultanée duprix.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00118639.

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Date of creation: 1999
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published, Annales d'Economie et Statistiques, 1999, 53, 127-147
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00118639
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00118639
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  1. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark & Gilchrist, Simon, 1996. "The Financial Accelerator and the Flight to Quality," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(1), pages 1-15, February.
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  9. Fazzari, Steven M & Hubbard, R Glenn & Petersen, Bruce C, 1988. "Investment, Financing Decisions, and Tax Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 200-205, May.
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