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Net Operating Working Capital Behavior: A First Look


  • Matthew D. Hill
  • G. Wayne Kelly
  • Michael J. Highfield


"Net operating working capital captures multiple dimensions of firms' adjustments to operating and financial conditions. Sales growth, uncertainty of sales, costly external financing, and financial distress encourage firms to pursue more aggressive working capital strategies. Firms with greater internal financing capacity and superior capital market access employ more conservative working capital policies. Results are robust to unobserved heterogeneity and industry effects. The evidence suggests that operating and financing conditions should be considered when evaluating working capital behavior, not just industry averages. Additionally, industry concentration magnifies the effect of sales growth". Copyright (c) 2010 Financial Management Association International.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthew D. Hill & G. Wayne Kelly & Michael J. Highfield, 2010. "Net Operating Working Capital Behavior: A First Look," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 39(2), pages 783-805, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:finmgt:v:39:y:2010:i:2:p:783-805

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    Cited by:

    1. Tarek Ibrahim Eldomiaty & Mohamed Hashem Rashwan & Mohamed Bahaa El Din & Waleed Tayel, 2016. "Firm, industry and economic determinants of working capital at risk," International Journal of Financial Engineering (IJFE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 3(04), pages 1-29, December.
    2. repec:eee:glofin:v:33:y:2017:i:c:p:27-37 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Niloufar Rezaie Nejad & Shaista Wasiuzzaman, 2015. "Multilevel Determinants of Capital Structure: Evidence from Malaysia," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 16(2), pages 199-212, April.
    4. TSURUTA Daisuke, 2015. "No Lending Relationships and Liquidity Management of Small Businesses during a Financial Shock," Discussion papers 15051, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    5. TSURUTA Daisuke, 2017. "Working Capital Management during the Global Financial Crisis: Evidence from Japan," Discussion papers 17045, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    6. repec:eco:journ3:2017-04-18 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Baños-Caballero, Sonia & García-Teruel, Pedro J. & Martínez-Solano, Pedro, 2014. "Working capital management, corporate performance, and financial constraints," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(3), pages 332-338.
    8. Palombini, Nathalie Vicente Nakamura & Nakamura, Wilson Toshiro, 2012. "Fatores determinantes da gestão do capital de giro no mercado brasileiro," RAE - Revista de Administração de Empresas, FGV-EAESP Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo (Brazil), vol. 52(1), January.
    9. Julia Koralun-Bereźnicka, 2014. "On the Relative Importance of Corporate Working Capital Determinants: Findings from the EU Countries," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 8(4), December.
    10. repec:cbu:jrnlec:y:2013:v:5:p:5-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Wei Jiang & Meiting Lu & Yaowen Shan & Tingting Zhu, 2016. "Evidence of Avoiding Working Capital Deficits in Australia," Australian Accounting Review, CPA Australia, vol. 26(1), pages 107-118, March.
    12. Greg Filbeck & Xin Zhao & Ryan Knoll, 2017. "An analysis of working capital efficiency and shareholder return," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 265-288, January.
    13. Tsuruta, Daisuke, 2016. "No lending relationships and liquidity management of small businesses during a financial shock," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 31-46.
    14. Ben-Nasr, Hamdi, 2016. "State and foreign ownership and the value of working capital management," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 217-240.
    15. repec:eee:proeco:v:191:y:2017:i:c:p:253-266 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Aktas, Nihat & Croci, Ettore & Petmezas, Dimitris, 2015. "Is working capital management value-enhancing? Evidence from firm performance and investments," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 98-113.
    17. Naz, Iram & Shah, Syed Muhammad Amir & Kutan, Ali M., 2017. "Do managers of sharia-compliant firms have distinctive financial styles?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 174-187.
    18. repec:eee:corfin:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:391-410 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Nor Edi Azhar Binti Mohamad & Siti Balqis Elias, 2013. "An Assessment on Determinant of Working Capital Management from Malaysian Public Listed Companies," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 3(4), pages 224-228, October.
    20. Sari Viskari & Anita Ruokola & Miia Pirttilä & Timo Kärri, 2012. "Advanced model for working capital management: bridging theory and practice," International Journal of Applied Management Science, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1), pages 1-17.
    21. Chen, Tsung-Kang & Liao, Hsien-Hsing & Kuo, Hui-Ju & Hsieh, Yu-Ling, 2013. "Suppliers’ and customers’ information asymmetry and corporate bond yield spreads," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 3181-3191.
    22. repec:eee:corfin:v:45:y:2017:i:c:p:203-219 is not listed on IDEAS

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