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The Impact of Approved Destination Status on Chinese Travel Abroad: An Economic Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Shawn Arita

    (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

  • Christopher Edmonds

    () (Center on the Family, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

  • Sumner La Croix

    (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

  • James Mak

    (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

Abstract

Since the early 1990s China’s government has negotiated Approved Destination Status (ADS) with 120 countries. The agreements allow government-approved travel agencies to market group tours and obtain visas in bulk to ADS destinations. We apply a gravity model framework to analyze how ADS has affected Chinese outbound tourist travel from China using Chinese visitor arrivals data from 61 main foreign destinations of mainland Chinese tourists (which account for vast majority of international departures from China) from 1995 to 2005. Fixed effects estimates indicate ADS resulted in significant increases in arrivals from China (averaging 52 percent over three years). We also find evidence of travel diversion as more countries received ADS.

Suggested Citation

  • Shawn Arita & Christopher Edmonds & Sumner La Croix & James Mak, 2009. "The Impact of Approved Destination Status on Chinese Travel Abroad: An Economic Analysis," Working Papers 200918, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hai:wpaper:200918
    as

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    File URL: http://www.economics.hawaii.edu/research/workingpapers/WP_09-18.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anderson, James E, 1979. "A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 106-116, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Santeramo, Fabio Gaetano & Barbieri, Carla, 2015. "On the demand for agritourism: a cursory review of methodologies and practice," MPRA Paper 68177, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. James Roumasset & Christopher Wada, 2012. "The Economics of Groundwater," Working Papers 2012-4, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
    3. Seetaram, Neelu & Petit, Sylvain, 2012. "Panel data analysis in Tourism Research," MPRA Paper 75086, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Shawn Arita & Sumner La Croix & James Mak, 2012. "How Big? The Impact of Approved Destination Status on Mainland Chinese Travel Abroad," Working Papers 201212, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
    5. Shawn Arita & Sumner La Croix & James Mak, 2012. "How China's Approved Destination Status Policy Spurs and Hinders Chinese Travel Abroad," Working Papers 2012-6R, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa, revised Oct 2012.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    China Outbound Travel; Approved Destination Status; Gravity Model; Tourism; International Agreements; Travel Liberalization;

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