Addicted to Oil: Implications for Climate Change Policy
This paper applies a behavioral economics model of cigarette addiction to the issue of oil usage and climate change. Both problems involve consumption of a product that causes long-term detrimental effects and for which current reductions in usage induces an adjustment cost. The paper argues that the problem of oil addiction is much more complex than cigarette addiction and thus may be more difficult to resolve. It also suggests that oil addiction, like cigarette addiction, may generate a long period of time in which individuals express sincere desire to convert to clean energy, but do little to accomplish that outcome. Finally the paper uses the model to argue that policies to reduce the present cost of alternative non-carbon energy sources to induce voluntary adjustments in energy usage are likely to be more effective than an approach to emphasize the long term catastrophic effects of climate change coupled with policies to force changes in current energy consumption.
|Date of creation:||Nov 2011|
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- Pittel, Karen & Rübbelke, Dirk T. G., 2007. "Climate Policy and Ancillary Benefits: A Survey and Integration into the Modelling of International Negotiations on Climate Change," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-064, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
- Dieter Helm, 2008. "Climate-change policy: why has so little been achieved?," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(2), pages 211-238, Summer.
- Suranovic, Steven M. & Goldfarb, Robert S. & Leonard, Thomas C., 1999. "An economic theory of cigarette addiction," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 1-29, January.
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- Panayotou, Theodore & Sachs, Jeffrey D. & Zwane, Alix Peterson, 2002. "Compensation for "Meaningful Participation" in Climate Change Control: A Modest Proposal and Empirical Analysis," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 437-454, May.
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