IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Migration und ihre Determinanten im ost-westdeutschen Kontext nach der Wiedervereinigung: Ein Literaturüberblick

Listed author(s):
  • Sascha Wolff


    (University of Goettingen)

Registered author(s):

    Charakteristisch für den ostdeutschen Transformationsprozess sind die Ost-West-Wanderungen, welche vor, während und nach der deutschen Wiedervereinigung stattfanden. Ihr Ausmaß erreichte dabei ungeahnte Dimensionen. So verließen im Zeitraum von 1989 bis 2002 insgesamt (brutto) ungefähr 2,77 Millionen Ostdeutsche die ehemalige DDR in Richtung Westen. Unter Berücksichtigung der West-Ost-Migration erfuhr der östliche Teil Deutschlands in dieser Phase einen Wanderungsverlust (kumulierte Nettoemigration) von 1,3 Millionen Personen. Diese Zahlen unterstreichen nicht nur die hohe Relevanz des Phänomens Migration im ostwestdeutschen Kontext, sondern werfen auch die Frage nach den Gründen bzw. den Determinanten dieser Abwanderung auf. Auch vor dem Hintergrund der Befürchtungen einer hohen ost-westeuropäischen Migration im Zuge der EU-Osterweiterung erscheint die Beschäftigung mit den Einflussfaktoren der Migration aktuell und wichtig. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es daher, einen Überblick über den Stand der ökonomischen Forschung zur ostwestdeutschen Migration bzw. zu deren Bestimmungsgrößen zu geben und dabei die wesentlichsten Studien auf diesem Gebiet vorzustellen und kritisch zu diskutieren. A main feature characterising the transition process of Eastern Germany is the scope with which east-west migration took place before, during, and after the German unification. Overall, roughly 2.77 million East Germans left their territory to migrate to the west between 1989 and 2002 (gross migration). Taking into account west-east migration, cumulative net migration amounted to 1.3 million persons. These figures not only highlight the relevance of the migration phenomenon in the east-west German context. They also raise questions about the reasons and the determinants of this migration movement. Dealing with the influencing factors of emigration is particularly important against the backdrop of high expected east-west European migration movements in the course of and due to the eastern enlargement of the EU. Thus it is the objective of this paper to give an overview over the current state of economic research to migration in the east-west German context and in particular its determinants. The main studies within this area will be described and critically discussed.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by University of Goettingen, Department of Economics in its series Departmental Discussion Papers with number 130.

    in new window

    Length: 33
    Date of creation: 19 Jun 2006
    Handle: RePEc:got:vwldps:130
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Platz der Göttinger Sieben 3 - D-37073 Göttingen

    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. Salvatore Barbaro, 2004. "Tax Distortion, Countervailing Subsidies and Income Redistribution," Departmental Discussion Papers 121, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    2. Denis Cogneau & Michael Grimm, 2007. "The Measurement Of Income Distribution Dynamics When Demographics Are Correlated With Income," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 53(2), pages 246-274, 06.
    3. Renate Ohr & André Schmidt, 2006. "Handelbare Verschuldungsrechte zur Sicherung fiskalischer Stabilität in der Währungsunion?," Departmental Discussion Papers 128, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    4. Salvatore Barbaro, 2002. "The Distributional Impact of Subsidies to Higher Education - Empirical Evidence from Germany," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 59(4), pages 458-458, December.
    5. Andreas Haufler & Michael Pflüger, 2004. "International Commodity Taxation under Monopolistic Competition," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 6(3), pages 445-470, 08.
    6. Salvatore Barbaro & Jens Südekum, 2004. "Reforming a complicated income tax system: The political economics perspective," Departmental Discussion Papers 120, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    7. Johann Graf Lambsdorff & Sitki Utku Teksoz, 2002. "Corrupt Relational Contracting," Departmental Discussion Papers 113, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    8. André Schmidt & Stefan Voigt, 2006. "Der „more economic approach“ in der Missbrauchsaufsicht: Einige kritische Anmerkungen zu den Vorschlägen der Generaldirektion Wettbewerb," Departmental Discussion Papers 129, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    9. Jens Suedekum, 2005. "Increasing returns and spatial unemployment disparities," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 84(2), pages 159-181, 06.
    10. Salvatore Barbaro, 2003. "The Combined Effect of Taxation and Subsidization on Human Capital Investment," Departmental Discussion Papers 116, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    11. Christoph Sauer & Margit Schratzenstaller, 2002. "Strategies Of International Fiscal Competition For Foreign Direct Investment In A Model With Impure Public Inputs," Departmental Discussion Papers 115, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    12. Tim Krieger, 2001. "Intergenerational Redistribution and Labor Mobility: A Survey," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 58(3), pages 339-339, July.
    13. Jens Suedekum & Peter Ruehmann, 2003. "Severance Payments and Firm-specific Human Capital," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 17(1), pages 47-62, 03.
    14. Jens Südekum, 2001. "Home Goods and Regional Price Indices: A Perspective from New Economic Geography," Departmental Discussion Papers 109, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    15. Stephan Klasen & Silke Woltermann, 2005. "The impact of demographic dynamics on economic development, poverty and inequality in Mozambique," Departmental Discussion Papers 126, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    16. Onozaki, Tamotsu & Sieg, Gernot & Yokoo, Masanori, 2003. "Stability, chaos and multiple attractors: a single agent makes a difference," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 27(10), pages 1917-1938, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:got:vwldps:130. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ben Schroeter)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.