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Migration und ihre Determinanten im ost-westdeutschen Kontext nach der Wiedervereinigung: Ein Literaturüberblick

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  • Sascha Wolff

    () (University of Goettingen)

Abstract

Charakteristisch für den ostdeutschen Transformationsprozess sind die Ost-West-Wanderungen, welche vor, während und nach der deutschen Wiedervereinigung stattfanden. Ihr Ausmaß erreichte dabei ungeahnte Dimensionen. So verließen im Zeitraum von 1989 bis 2002 insgesamt (brutto) ungefähr 2,77 Millionen Ostdeutsche die ehemalige DDR in Richtung Westen. Unter Berücksichtigung der West-Ost-Migration erfuhr der östliche Teil Deutschlands in dieser Phase einen Wanderungsverlust (kumulierte Nettoemigration) von 1,3 Millionen Personen. Diese Zahlen unterstreichen nicht nur die hohe Relevanz des Phänomens Migration im ostwestdeutschen Kontext, sondern werfen auch die Frage nach den Gründen bzw. den Determinanten dieser Abwanderung auf. Auch vor dem Hintergrund der Befürchtungen einer hohen ost-westeuropäischen Migration im Zuge der EU-Osterweiterung erscheint die Beschäftigung mit den Einflussfaktoren der Migration aktuell und wichtig. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es daher, einen Überblick über den Stand der ökonomischen Forschung zur ostwestdeutschen Migration bzw. zu deren Bestimmungsgrößen zu geben und dabei die wesentlichsten Studien auf diesem Gebiet vorzustellen und kritisch zu diskutieren. A main feature characterising the transition process of Eastern Germany is the scope with which east-west migration took place before, during, and after the German unification. Overall, roughly 2.77 million East Germans left their territory to migrate to the west between 1989 and 2002 (gross migration). Taking into account west-east migration, cumulative net migration amounted to 1.3 million persons. These figures not only highlight the relevance of the migration phenomenon in the east-west German context. They also raise questions about the reasons and the determinants of this migration movement. Dealing with the influencing factors of emigration is particularly important against the backdrop of high expected east-west European migration movements in the course of and due to the eastern enlargement of the EU. Thus it is the objective of this paper to give an overview over the current state of economic research to migration in the east-west German context and in particular its determinants. The main studies within this area will be described and critically discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Sascha Wolff, 2006. "Migration und ihre Determinanten im ost-westdeutschen Kontext nach der Wiedervereinigung: Ein Literaturüberblick," Departmental Discussion Papers 130, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:got:vwldps:130
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    File URL: http://www2.vwl.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/departmentpaper/NO_130.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Liepke & Marcel Thum, 2007. "Abwanderung und familiäre Pflege," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 14(06), pages 30-32, December.
    2. repec:ces:ifodre:v:14:y:2007:i:06:p:s.30-32 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Sebastian Klüsener & Emilio Zagheni, 2014. "The East-West Gradient in Spatial Population Development Within Germany," Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(4), pages 167-179, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ost-westdeutsche Migration; Determinanten der Migration; East-West German Migration; Determinants of Migration;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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