Behavioural equilibrium exchange rate estimates and implied exchange rate adjustments for ten countries
In this paper we estimate the behaviour equilibrium exchange rates (BEERs) of Clark and MacDonald (1999) for the effective exchange rates of ten industrialised and emerging market economies that rank within the top 15 contributory economies to global imbalances. The sample period is 1988, quarter 1 to 2006 quarter 1. The conditioning variables used in the estimation of the BEER are: net exports as a proportion of GDP, a real interest differential, a terms of trade differential and GDP per capita differential. The ‘foreign’ magnitudes in the differentials were constructed using the trade weights used to construct the effective exchange rates. Using both single country and panel econometric methods, plausible BEER estimates were reported. These estimates were then used to back out the required exchange rate adjustments necessary to fulfil the three scenarios of Williamson (2006). The ball park currency adjustments required are in the range of 27.3 to 46.6 per cent devaluations for the Chinese renminbi, 5 to 11 per cent for the US dollar, approximately 6 per cent for the Japanese yen and no adjustment for the euro or Sterling.
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