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Будущее Университетов (Future of Universities)


  • Vladimir Mau


  • Tatiana Klyachko



This paper discusses the future of universities: trends that are increasingly drawing attention, and those who have yet to appear, without getting into the field of view of the majority of researchers in higher education. Debate on the future of the university is due to the emergence of new factors and circumstances, play a significant role in the development of higher education, especially in developed countries. Among the key questions as the proper factors of development education and global context. The former include the rapid growth of costs universities and the emergence of massive open online courses (MEP) as a possible counterweight to rise in the cost of education, as well as the emerging shift from mass to universal higher education. The second group - the course of the global crisis and the contours of the new socio-economic and technological realities that will form as a result of its settlement. After a change in the place and the role of universities and the influence of new social factors, and the change of economic model. Naturally, special attention is paid to the analysis of trends in Russian higher education. The report attempts to examine the consequences of the coming changes and possible fork in educational policy. В докладе обсуждается будущее университетов: те тенденции, на которые все больше обращается внимание, и те, которые еще только проявляются, не попав в поле зрения большинства исследователей высшего образования. Дискуссия о будущем университетов ведется в связи с появлением новых факторов и обстоятельств, играющих существенную роль в развитии высшего образования, особенно в развитых странах. Среди ключевых вопросов как собственно факторы развития образования, так и глобальный контекст. К первым относятся быстрый рост издержек университетов и появление массовых онлайновых открытых курсов (МООС) как возможного противовеса удорожанию образования, а также наметившийся переход от массового высшего образования к всеобщему. Ко вторым — ход глобального кризиса и контуры той новой социально-экономической и технологической реальностей, которые сформируются в результате его разрешения. Ведь на изменение места и роли университетов влияют и новые социальные факторы, и смена экономической модели. Естественно, что особое внимание авторы уделяют анализу российских тенденций в сфере высшего образования. В докладе предпринята попытка рассмотреть последствия грядущих перемен и возможные развилки образовательной политики..

Suggested Citation

  • Vladimir Mau & Tatiana Klyachko, 2015. "Будущее Университетов (Future of Universities)," Working Papers 128, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, revised 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:gai:wpaper:128

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. V. Mau., 2012. "Human Capital: Challenges for Russia," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 7.
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    3. Kristina Bouret, 2008. "Reform of Higher Education: the Expansion of Bachelors and Masters," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 2, pages 52-72.
    4. Tatyana Klyachko & Vladimir Mau, 2007. "Tendencies in the Development of Higher Professional Education in Russia," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 3, pages 46-64.
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    6. Stefano Bloch & José Tchopourian, 2014. "Railtown: The Fight for the Los Angeles Metro Rail and the Future of the City , by Ethan N. Elkind . 2014 . Berkeley and Los Angeles, California : University of California Press . 292 + xxi. ISBN: 978," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(5), pages 923-925, November.
    7. Sergey Filonovich, 2009. "Life-long learning: Consequences for higher education," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 4, pages 55-66.
    8. Roger Geiger & Donald Heller, 2012. "Financial trends in higher education: The United States," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 3, pages 5-29.
    9. Доннелли К. & Ризви С. & Барбер М., 2013. "Накануне Схода Лавины. Высшее Образование И Грядущая Революция (Пер. С Англ. Н. Микшиной)," Вопросы образования // Educational Studies, НИУ ВШЭ, issue 3, pages 152-229.
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    More about this item


    Russian economy; education system; higher education;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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