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Governing Food and Nutrition Security in Food-Importing and Aid-Recipient Countries: Burkina Faso and Ethiopia


  • Arlène Alpha
  • Samuel Gebreselassié


Abstract: The paper analyses the food and nutrition security (FNS) governance in some net food importing countries by looking at how the multidimensional nature of FNS challenges is addressed in policy-making processes. Two countries are particularly studied, Burkina Faso and Ethiopia, where the two authors work and where in-depth interviews have been conducted. Complementary insights are given from Benin and Kenya to support our results. The main argument developed is that FNS policies have a strong inertia around agricultural production issues. Historical actors, mainly trained in agriculture, remain predominant in FNS policy-making and tend to raise sectoral agricultural issues. The FNS institutional framework is increasingly fragmented between agriculture, nutrition and social agendas instead of being conducive to the debate of competing visions of FNS and to intersectoral coordination. To some extent, recent changes in trade policies with the decrease of agricultural taxation and strong producer support since the 2007/08 food crisis are now more coherent with production-oriented FNS policies. Intersectoral initiatives are often the result of high-level commitments and/or individual actors. Aid actors play a key role in those initiatives, especially through innovation in their internal organisation to overcome the tendency to work in silos.

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  • Arlène Alpha & Samuel Gebreselassié, 2015. "Governing Food and Nutrition Security in Food-Importing and Aid-Recipient Countries: Burkina Faso and Ethiopia," FOODSECURE Working papers 34, LEI Wageningen UR.
  • Handle: RePEc:fsc:fspubl:34

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Berg, Alan, 1987. "Nutrition planning is alive and well, thank you," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 365-375, November.
    2. Laroche Dupraz, C. & Postolle, A., 2013. "Food sovereignty and agricultural trade policy commitments: How much leeway do West African nations have?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 115-125.
    3. Field, John Osgood, 1987. "Multisectoral nutrition planning: a post-mortem," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 15-28, February.
    4. M. Huchet Bourdon & C. Laroche Dupraz, 2014. "National food security: a framework for public policy and international trade," FOODSECURE Working papers 17, LEI Wageningen UR.
    5. World Bank, 2013. "Improving Nutrition through Multisectoral Approaches," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16953, The World Bank.
    6. Kohler-Koch, Beate, 2002. "European Networks and Ideas: Changing National Policies?," European Integration online Papers (EIoP), European Community Studies Association Austria (ECSA-A), vol. 6, April.
    7. Hannah Pieters & Anneleen Vandeplas & Andrea Guariso & Nathalie Francken & Alexander Sarris & Jo Swinnen & Nicolas Gerber & Joachim von Braun & Maximo Torero, 2012. "Perspectives on relevant concepts related to food and nutrition security," FOODSECURE Working papers 1, LEI Wageningen UR.
    8. Garrett, James, ed. & Natalicchio, Marcela, ed., 2011. "Working multisectorally in nutrition: Principles, practices, and case studies," Research reports jamesgarrett, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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