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Integrated nutrient management, soil fertility, and sustainable agriculture: current issues and future challenges


  • Gruhn, Peter
  • Goletti, Francesco
  • Yudelman, Montague


The challenge for agriculture over the coming decades will be to meet the world's increasing demand for food in a sustainable way. Declining soil fertility and mismanagement of plant nutrients have made this task more difficult. In this brief, Peter Gruhn, Francesco Goletti, and Montague Yudelman point out that as long as agriculture remains a soil-based industry, major increases in productivity are unlikely to be attained without ensuring that plants have an adequate and balanced supply of nutrients. They call for an Integrated Nutrient Management approach to the management of plant nutrients for maintaining and enhancing soil, where both natural and man-made sources of plant nutrients are used. The key components of this approach are described; the roles and responsibilities of various actors, including farmers and institutions, are delineated; and recommendations for improving the management of plant nutrients and soil fertility are presented.

Suggested Citation

  • Gruhn, Peter & Goletti, Francesco & Yudelman, Montague, 2000. "Integrated nutrient management, soil fertility, and sustainable agriculture: current issues and future challenges," 2020 vision discussion papers 32, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:2020dp:32

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gill, Gerard J., 1995. "Major natural resource management concerns in South Asia:," 2020 vision discussion papers 8, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Donovan, G. & Casey, F., 1998. "Soil Fertility Management in Sub-Saharan Africa," Papers 408, World Bank - Technical Papers.
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:5:p:1485-:d:212837 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Tanveer A. Butt & Bruce A. McCarl & Alpha O. Kergna, 2005. "Policies for reducing agricultural sector vulnerability to climate change in Mali," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(6), pages 583-598, November.
    3. Farouque, M. Golam & Takeya, Hiroyuki, 2007. "Resource-Poor Farmers' Constraints regarding Integrated Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management for Sustainable Crop Production: A farm level study in Bangladesh," 106th Seminar, October 25-27, 2007, Montpellier, France 7917, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. B. Suresh Reddy, 2015. "Soil Health: Issues and Concerns - A Review," Working Papers id:7599, eSocialSciences.
    5. Staal, Steven J. & Romney, D. & Baltenweck, Isabelle & Waithaka, Michael M. & Muriuki, H. & Njoroge, L., 2003. "Spatial Analysis Of Soil Fertility Management Using Integrated Household And Gis Data From Smallholder Kenyan Farms," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa 25903, International Association of Agricultural Economists.


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