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Can Non-point Phosphorus Emissions from Agriculture be Regulated efficiently using Input-Output Taxes?

  • Line Block Hansen

    ()

    (Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University)

  • Lars Gårn Hansen

    ()

    (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

In many parts of Europe and North America, phosphorus loss from cultivated fields is threatening natural ecosystems. Though there are similarities to other non-point agricultural emissions like nitrogen that have been studied extensively, phosphorus is often characterised by the presence of large stocking capacities for phosphorus in farm soils and long time-lags between applications and emission. This makes it important to understand the dynamics of the phosphorus emission problem when designing regulatory systems. Using a model that reflects these dynamics, we evaluate alternative regulatory systems. Depending on the proportions of different types of farms in the agricultural sector, we find that an input-output tax system may be close to efficient, or in other cases must be supplemented with subsidy and manure reallocation schemes.

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File URL: http://okonomi.foi.dk/workingpapers/WPpdf/WP2012/WP_2012_4_phosphorus_regulation.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics in its series IFRO Working Paper with number 2012/4.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:foi:wpaper:2012_4
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.ifro.ku.dk/english/
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