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An Empirical Study of Trade Dynamics in the Fed Funds Market

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  • Gara M. Afonso
  • Ricardo Lagos

Abstract

We use minute-by-minute daily transaction-level payments data to document the cross-sectional and time-series behavior of the estimated prices and quantities negotiated by commercial banks in the fed funds market. We study the frequency and volume of trade, the size distribution of loans, the distribution of bilateral fed funds rates, and the intraday dynamics of the reserve balances held by commercial banks. We find evidence of the importance of the liquidity provision achieved by commercial banks that act as de facto intermediaries of fed funds.

Suggested Citation

  • Gara M. Afonso & Ricardo Lagos, 2014. "An Empirical Study of Trade Dynamics in the Fed Funds Market," Working Papers 708, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, revised 17 Mar 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedmwp:708
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    File URL: http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp708.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gara Afonso & Ricardo Lagos, 2015. "Trade Dynamics in the Market for Federal Funds," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 83, pages 263-313, January.
    2. Adam Ashcraft & James Mcandrews & David Skeie, 2011. "Precautionary Reserves and the Interbank Market," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(s2), pages 311-348, October.
    3. Hamilton, James D, 1996. "The Daily Market for Federal Funds," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(1), pages 26-56, February.
    4. Gara Afonso & Anna Kovner & Antoinette Schoar, 2011. "Stressed, Not Frozen: The Federal Funds Market in the Financial Crisis," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 66(4), pages 1109-1139, August.
    5. Bech, Morten L. & Atalay, Enghin, 2010. "The topology of the federal funds market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(22), pages 5223-5246.
    6. Olivier Armantier & Jeffrey Arnold & James J. McAndrews, "undated". "Changes in the timing distribution of Fedwire funds transfers," Economic Policy Review y:2008:i:sep:p:83-112:n:v, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    7. William Poole, 1968. "Commercial Bank Reserve Management In A Stochastic Model: Implications For Monetary Policy," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 23(5), pages 769-791, December.
    8. Ann-Marie Meulendyke, 1998. "U.S. monetary policy and financial markets," Monograph, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, number 1998mpaf.
    9. Bech, Morten L. & Klee, Elizabeth, 2011. "The mechanics of a graceful exit: Interest on reserves and segmentation in the federal funds market," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(5), pages 415-431.
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    Cited by:

    1. Shen, Ji & Wei, Bin & Yan, Hongjun, 2016. "Financial Intermediation Chains in an OTC Market," MPRA Paper 74925, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Chang, Briana & Zhang, Shengxing, 2015. "Endogenous market making and network formation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86275, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Güntner, Jochen H.F., 2015. "The federal funds market, excess reserves, and unconventional monetary policy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 225-250.
    4. Miroslav Gabrovski & Ioannis Kospentaris, 2020. "Intermediation in Over-the-Counter Markets with Price Transparency," Working Papers 202017, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
    5. Francesco Carli & Francesca Carapella & Gaetano Antinolfi, 2014. "Clearing, transparency, and collateral," 2014 Meeting Papers 1090, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Olivier Armantier & Adam Copeland, 2012. "Assessing the quality of “Furfine-based” algorithms," Staff Reports 575, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    7. Gofman, Michael, 2017. "Efficiency and stability of a financial architecture with too-interconnected-to-fail institutions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(1), pages 113-146.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; Federal funds market; Federal funds rates;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System

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