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Conservatism and Liquidity Traps

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  • Taisuke Nakata
  • Sebastian Schmidt

Abstract

Appointing Rogoff's (1985) conservative central banker improves welfare if the economy is subject to large contractionary shocks and the policy rate occasionally falls to the zero lower bound (ZLB). In an economy with occasionally binding ZLB constraints, the anticipation of future ZLB episodes creates a trade-off between inflation and output stabilization. As a consequence, inflation systematically falls below target even when the policy rate is above zero. A conservative central banker mitigates this deflationary bias away from the ZLB, improving allocations both at and away from the ZLB through expectations.

Suggested Citation

  • Taisuke Nakata & Sebastian Schmidt, 2014. "Conservatism and Liquidity Traps," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-105, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 12 Nov 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2014-105
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    liquidity traps; zero lower bound; inflation conservatism; inflation targeting; Discretion;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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