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Optimal Monetary Policy and Capital Account Restrictions in a Small Open Economy

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  • Liu, Zheng

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco)

  • Spiegel, Mark M.

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco)

Abstract

The recent financial crisis has led to large declines in world interest rates and surges of capital flows to emerging market economies. We examine the effectiveness and welfare implications of capital control policies in the face of such external shocks in a monetary DSGE model of a small open economy. We consider both optimal, time-varying restrictions on capital inflows and a simple capital account restriction, such as a constant tax on foreign debt holdings. We then compare the effectiveness of such capital account restrictions under alternative monetary regimes. We find that the optimal time-varying capital control policy is very effective in mitigating foreign interest rate shocks, but less effective for insulating the economy from export demand shocks; in the presence of export demand shocks, an exchange-rate stabilizing monetary policy regime can enhance macroeconomic stability and improve welfare. Under a simple and more practical capital control policy, a monetary policy regime that places larger weight on inflation fluctuations leads to additional gains in macroeconomic stability, although an exchange-rate stabilizing regime leads to even greater gains. Our findings suggest that, with either type of capital control policies, stabilizing the real exchange rate is a robust and effective monetary policy to help weather external shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu, Zheng & Spiegel, Mark M., 2013. "Optimal Monetary Policy and Capital Account Restrictions in a Small Open Economy," Working Paper Series 2013-33, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, revised 23 Feb 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfwp:2013-33
    DOI: 10.24148/wp2013-33
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre-Richard Agénor & K. Alper & L. Pereira da Silva, 2015. "External Shocks, Financial Volatility and Reserve Requirements in an Open Economy," Working Papers Series 396, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    2. Shigeto Kitano & Kenya Takaku, 2015. "Capital Controls, Monetary Policy, and Balance Sheets in a Small Open Economy," Discussion Paper Series DP2015-10, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University, revised Oct 2017.
    3. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Alper, Koray & Pereira da Silva, Luiz A., 2014. "Sudden floods, macroprudential regulation and stability in an open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(PA), pages 68-100.
    4. Shigeto Kitano & Kenya Takaku, 2017. "Capital Controls, Macroprudential Regulation,and the Bank Balance Sheet Channel," Discussion Paper Series DP2017-18, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University, revised Apr 2018.
    5. repec:kap:openec:v:28:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11079-017-9441-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:bpj:bejmac:v:18:y:2018:i:1:p:19:n:12 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kitano Shigeto & Takaku Kenya, 2018. "Capital controls as a credit policy tool in a small open economy," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 18(1), pages 1-19, January.
    8. Shigeto Kitano & Kenya Takaku, 2017. "Capital Controls and Financial Frictions in a Small Open Economy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(4), pages 761-793, September.
    9. Torój, Andrzej, 2017. "Managing external macroeconomic imbalances in the EU: the welfare cost of scoreboard-based constraints," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 293-311.
    10. Gustavo Adler & Ruy Lama & Juan Pablo Medina Guzman, 2016. "Foreign Exchange Intervention under Policy Uncertainty," IMF Working Papers 16/67, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Eswar Prasad & Boyang Zhang, 2015. "Distributional Effects of Monetary Policy in Emerging Market Economies," NBER Working Papers 21471, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. repec:pal:imfecr:v:65:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1057_s41308-017-0033-5 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements

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