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« Les mutuelles et coopératives : une histoire humaniste, preuve de diversité dans un paysage capitaliste »

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  • Stéphanie Arnaud

Abstract

Les entreprises de l’économie sociale et solidaire (ESS) sont animées par des normes sociales d’entraide et de partage du pouvoir égalitaire. Elles regroupent des salariés, bénévoles, sociétaires et élus. Quels sont les modes de GRH adaptés aux spécificités de ces entreprises ? Selon la théorie économique standard, l’homo oeconomicus n’est animé que de motivations extrinsèques, asociales et amorales. Cette hypothèse étant rejetée dans le cas de l’ESS fondée sur des valeurs morales et sociales, les préconisations managériales issues de l’économie standard peuvent s’avérer contre-productives (cf littérature sur « les coûts cachés des incitations »). A l’aide de la théorie de l’autodétermination, nous expliquons ce phénomène et préconisons une GRH « conforme aux principes de la philosophie humaniste ».

Suggested Citation

  • Stéphanie Arnaud, 2011. "« Les mutuelles et coopératives : une histoire humaniste, preuve de diversité dans un paysage capitaliste »," Cahiers du CEREFIGE 1101, CEREFIGE (Centre Europeen de Recherche en Economie Financiere et Gestion des Entreprises), Universite de Lorraine, revised 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:fie:wpaper:1101
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    File URL: http://cerefige.univ-lorraine.fr/sites/cerefige.univ-lorraine.fr/files/users/11-1_cahier_recherche_st._arnaud.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fehr, Ernst & Falk, Armin, 2002. "Psychological foundations of incentives," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(4-5), pages 687-724, May.
    2. Baker, George P & Jensen, Michael C & Murphy, Kevin J, 1988. " Compensation and Incentives: Practice vs. Theory," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(3), pages 593-616, July.
    3. Dickinson, David & Villeval, Marie-Claire, 2008. "Does monitoring decrease work effort?: The complementarity between agency and crowding-out theories," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 56-76, May.
    4. Uri Gneezy & Aldo Rustichini, 2000. "Pay Enough or Don't Pay at All," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(3), pages 791-810.
    5. Gérard Charreaux, 2001. "Quelle théorie pour la gouvernance?De la gouvernance actionnariale à la gouvernance cognitive..," Working Papers CREGO 010401, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations, revised Feb 2002.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entreprises de l’économie sociale et solidaire; GRH humaniste; motivations autorégulées; coûts cachés des incitations;

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