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Navigating through the Finnish Pension System

  • Tuulia Hakola
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    The paper constructs a competing risks duration model, explaining the probability of retirement due to old-age, ill health or long-term unemployment. It also attempts to measure the degree of substitution between the various retirement channels, among other things, by using data on pension application rejections. The effect of the economic incentives was tested in a number of alternative specifications. In addition to simple replacement ratio, life-cycle incentives were calculated for each exit channel separately. Both the grace period compensations (unemployment benefits and sick allowances) and the actual pension benefits were considered. The paper concludes that the baseline hazards as well as the effects of a number of explanatory variables differ signficantly between the distinct retirement channels. It also finds some evidence on the channel substitutability between different retirement channels.

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    Paper provided by Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT) in its series Discussion Papers with number 224.

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    Date of creation: 06 Jul 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:fer:dpaper:224
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    1. Kiefer, Nicholas M, 1988. "Economic Duration Data and Hazard Functions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 646-79, June.
    2. McCall, Brian P, 1996. "Unemployment Insurance Rules, Joblessness, and Part-Time Work," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(3), pages 647-82, May.
    3. Štěpán Jurajda & Frederick J. Tannery, 2003. "Unemployment Durations and Extended Unemployment Benefits in Local Labor Markets," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 56(2), pages 324-348, January.
    4. Dahl, Svenn-Åge & Nilsen, Øivind Anti & Vaage, Kjell, 1999. "Work or Retirement? Exit Routes for Norwegian Elderly," IZA Discussion Papers 32, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Roope Uusitalo, 2001. "Homo entreprenaurus?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(13), pages 1631-1638.
    6. Tomi Kyyrä, 1999. "Post-Unemployment Wages and Economic Incentives to Exit from Unemployment," Research Reports 56, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
    7. Jensen, P. & Nielsen, M.S. & Rosholm, M., 1999. "The Effects of Benefits, Incentives, and Sanctions on Youth Employment," Papers 99-05, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
    8. Heckman, James J. & Singer, Burton, 1984. "Econometric duration analysis," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 63-132.
    9. FLORENS, Jean-Pierre & FOUGERE, Denis & MOUCHART, Michel, 1995. "Duration Models," CORE Discussion Papers 1995016, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    10. Regina Riphahn, 1997. "Disability retirement and unemployment - substitute pathways for labour force exit? An empirical test for the case of Germany," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(5), pages 551-561.
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