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Uso de Energía en Economías Exportadoras de Petróleo

  • Claudia S. Gómez-López
  • Luis A. Puch

En esta investigación se estudia la respuesta (sensibilidad) del uso de la energía ante variaciones estocásticas en el precio internacional de una cesta de energéticos para economías en desarrollo y exportadoras de petróleo. Está ampliamente estudiado y documentado que durante la década de los setenta, los cambios en el precio de la energía tuvieron consecuencias en el uso de la energía para los países miembros de la OCDE. La evidencia empírica indica que el uso de energía no es sensible ante variaciones en los precios internacionales de la energía cuando se utilizan datos de series de tiempo, sin embargo, si hay respuesta en el uso de la energía con datos de corte transversal. Se ha utilizado teoría del crecimiento no estándar para mostrar esta evidencia. En este trabajo, se explora esta evidencia para una economía exportadora de petróleo. Se demuestra que el mismo modelo que es capaz de explicar los patrones de uso, gasto y precio de la energía para países desarrollados e importadores de energía, es capaz de hacerlo para una economía productora y exportadora de energía.

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File URL: http://www.fedea.net/documentos/pubs/ee/2008/24-2008.pdf
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Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Economic Reports with number 24-08.

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Date of creation: Oct 2008
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdacee:24-08
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.fedea.net

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  1. Antonia Díaz & Luis A. Puch & María D. Guilló, 2001. "Costly capital reallocation and energy use," Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE 0111, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico.
  2. Cole, Harold L. & Kehoe, Timothy J., 1996. "A self-fulfilling model of Mexico's 1994-1995 debt crisis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-4), pages 309-330, November.
  3. Kim, In-Moo & Loungani, Prakash, 1992. "The role of energy in real business cycle models," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 173-189, April.
  4. Enrique G. Mendoza, 2001. "Credit, Prices, and Crashes: Business Cycles with a Sudden Stop," NBER Working Papers 8338, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Berndt, Ernst R & Wood, David O, 1975. "Technology, Prices, and the Derived Demand for Energy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(3), pages 259-68, August.
  6. Magnus, Jan R, 1979. "Substitution between Energy and Non-Energy Inputs in the Netherlands, 1950-1976," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 20(2), pages 465-84, June.
  7. Harold L. Cole & Timothy J. Kehoe, 1996. "A self-fulfilling model of Mexico's 1994-95 debt crisis," Staff Report 210, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  8. Patrick J. Kehoe & Andrew Atkeson, 1999. "Models of Energy Use: Putty-Putty versus Putty-Clay," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(4), pages 1028-1043, September.
  9. Pindyck, Robert S & Rotemberg, Julio J, 1983. "Dynamic Factor Demands and the Effects of Energy Price Shocks," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(5), pages 1066-79, December.
  10. Maria Bejan, 2007. "Some Business Cycle Consequences of Trade Agreements:The Case of the North American Free Trade Agreement," RSCAS Working Papers 2007/03, European University Institute.
  11. David K. Backus & Mario J. Crucini, 1998. "Oil Prices and the Terms of Trade," NBER Working Papers 6697, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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