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Capital-Energy Substitution: Evidence from a Panel of Irish Manufacturing Firms

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  • Stefanie Haller
  • Marie Hyland

Abstract

Using firm-level data from the Irish Census of Industrial Production for the period from 1991-2009, we look at how Irish manufacturing firms adjust their input mix in response to changing energy prices. We find that an increase in the price of energy causes the demand for energy inputs to fall, while the demand for capital, material and labour inputs rises. This indicates that the other factors of production are substitutable with energy in the Irish manufacturing sector.

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  • Stefanie Haller & Marie Hyland, 2014. "Capital-Energy Substitution: Evidence from a Panel of Irish Manufacturing Firms," Open Access publications 10197/8608, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucn:oapubs:10197/8608
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    Cited by:

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    2. Wang, Xiaolei & Bai, Mengqi & Xie, Chunping, 2019. "Investigating CO2 mitigation potentials and the impact of oil price distortion in China's transport sector," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 320-327.
    3. McGrath, Luke & Hynes, Stephen & McHale, John, 2019. "Augmenting the World Bank's estimates: Ireland's genuine savings through boom and bust," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 1-1.
    4. Dechezleprêtre, Antoine & Kozluk, Tomasz & Kruse, Tobias & Nachtigall, Daniel & de Serres, Alain, 2019. "Do Environmental and Economic Performance Go Together? A Review of Micro-level Empirical Evidence from the Past Decade or So," International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics, now publishers, vol. 13(1-2), pages 1-118, April.
    5. Elena Lagomarsino & Karen Turner, 2017. "Is the production function Translog or CES? An empirical illustration using UK data," Working Papers 1713, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
    6. Curtis, John & Devitt, Niamh & di Cosmo, Valeria & Farrell, Niall & FitzGerald, John & Hyland, Marie & Lynch, Muireann & Lyons, Sean & McCoy, Daire & Malaguzzi Valeri, Laura & Walsh, Darragh, 2014. "Irish Energy Policy: An Analysis of Current Issues," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number rs37 edited by FitzGerald, John & Malaguzzi Valeri, Laura.
    7. Wurlod, Jules-Daniel & Noailly, Joëlle, 2018. "The impact of green innovation on energy intensity: An empirical analysis for 14 industrial sectors in OECD countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 47-61.
    8. Sharimakin, Akinsehinwa, 2019. "Measuring the energy input substitution and output effects of energy price changes and the implications for the environment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    9. Lutz, Benjamin Johannes & Massier, Philipp & Sommerfeld, Katrin & Löschel, Andreas, 2017. "Drivers of energy efficiency in German manufacturing: A firm-level stochastic frontier analysis," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-068, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    10. Bardazzi, Rossella & Oropallo, Filippo & Pazienza, Maria Grazia, 2015. "Do manufacturing firms react to energy prices? Evidence from Italy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 168-181.
    11. Wang, Qunwei & Zhang, Cheng & Cai, Wanhuan, 2017. "Factor substitution and energy productivity fluctuation in China: A parametric decomposition analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 181-190.
    12. Zhao, Hongli & Lin, Boqiang, 2019. "Resources allocation and more efficient use of energy in China's textile industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(C), pages 111-120.
    13. He, Yongda & Lin, Boqiang, 2019. "Heterogeneity and asymmetric effects in energy resources allocation of the manufacturing sectors in China," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 170(C), pages 1019-1035.
    14. Fan, Maoqing & Zheng, Haitao, 2019. "The impact of factor price changes and technological progress on the energy intensity of China's industries: Kalman filter-based econometric method," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 340-353.
    15. Lawrence, Akvile & Karlsson, Magnus & Nehler, Therese & Thollander, Patrik, 2019. "Effects of monetary investment, payback time and firm characteristics on electricity saving in energy-intensive industry," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 240(C), pages 499-512.
    16. Sharimakin, Akinsehinwa & Glass, Anthony J. & Saal, David S. & Glass, Karligash, 2018. "Dynamic multilevel modelling of industrial energy demand in Europe," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 120-130.
    17. Lagomarsino, Elena, 2020. "Estimating elasticities of substitution with nested CES production functions: Where do we stand?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    18. Haishu Qiao & Ying Li & Julien Chevallier & Bangzhu Zhu, 2016. "Capital–energy substitution in China: regional differences and dynamic evolution," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(4), pages 421-435, October.
    19. Cao, Jing & Ho, Mun S. & Ma, Rong, 2020. "Analyzing carbon pricing policies using a general equilibrium model with production parameters estimated using firm data," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Input substitution; Manufacturing;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices

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