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Optimal unemployment benefit financing scheme : A transatlantic comparison

Author

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  • Julien Albertini

    () (Centre d’Études des politiques Économiques de l’Université d’Evry (EPEE et TEPP (FR CNRS no 3126)))

  • Xavier Fairise

    () (Centre d’Études des politiques Économiques de l’Université d’Evry (EPEE et TEPP (FR CNRS no 3126)))

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the properties of an optimal unemployment benefit financing scheme in the US and in France. We wonder if firms should be taxed in proportion of their layoffs and if such a tax should correspond to a part or all of the fiscal cost induced by a dismissal. The welfare gains generated by reforms of the US and French labor market institutions are evaluated. The US labor market is initially characterized by a flexible dismissal regulation and an experience rating system. We show that making firms more responsible for the cost caused by theirs layoff is welfare enhancing. Concerning the French labor market, we find that a more flexible dismissal regulation combined with an experience rating tax may significantly improve labor market performances. In both cases, the efficient layoff tax is close to the expected fiscal cost of an unemployed worker.

Suggested Citation

  • Julien Albertini & Xavier Fairise, 2009. "Optimal unemployment benefit financing scheme : A transatlantic comparison," Documents de recherche 09-01, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:09-01
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    File URL: http://epee.univ-evry.fr/RePEc/2009/09-01.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:wop:calsdi:97-23 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cahuc, Pierre & Malherbet, Franck, 2004. "Unemployment compensation finance and labor market rigidity," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(3-4), pages 481-501, March.
    3. Cahuc, Pierre & Gianella, Christian & Goux, Dominique & Zylberberg, Andre, 2002. "Equalizing Wage Differences and Bargaining Power: Evidence from a Panel of French Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 3510, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Garey Ramey & Wouter J. den Haan & Joel Watson, 2000. "Job Destruction and Propagation of Shocks," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 482-498, June.
    5. Robert Shimer, 2005. "The Cyclical Behavior of Equilibrium Unemployment and Vacancies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 25-49, March.
    6. Joseph, G. & Pierrard, O. & Sneessens, H. R., 2004. "Job turnover, unemployment and labor market institutions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 451-468, August.
    7. Zanetti, Francesco, 2011. "Labor market institutions and aggregate fluctuations in a search and matching model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(5), pages 644-658, June.
    8. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2004. "Solving dynamic general equilibrium models using a second-order approximation to the policy function," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 755-775, January.
    9. L'Haridon, Olivier & Malherbet, Franck, 2009. "Employment protection reform in search economies," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 255-273, April.
    10. Card, David & Levine, Phillip B., 1994. "Unemployment insurance taxes and the cyclical and seasonal properties of unemployment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 1-29, January.
    11. Andolfatto, David, 1996. "Business Cycles and Labor-Market Search," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 112-132, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    DSGE models; matching; firing tax; experience rating;

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts

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