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From Conflict to Reconstruction: Reviving the Social Contract

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  • Tony Addison

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  • S Mansoob Murshed

Abstract

Contemporary civil wars are rooted in a partial or complete breakdown of the social contract, often involving disputes over public spending, resource revenues, and taxation. A feasible social contract gives potential rebels something akin to a transfer. When this is improbable, and the potential spoils are rich then warfare is more likely. Grievances, not just pure greed, motivate war. But peace deals can also break down when commitments are not credible. Successful reconstruction after war must rebuild the social contract. The chances of success increase if the economy can achieve broad- based growth. If grievances can be satisfied by absolute improvements in living standards the present donor focus on absolute poverty reduction will be conducive to reviving the social contract. But if grievances are expressed in relative terms, governments and donors must also address inequality and regional gaps. [Discussion Paper No.2001/48]

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  • Tony Addison & S Mansoob Murshed, 2010. "From Conflict to Reconstruction: Reviving the Social Contract," Working Papers id:3206, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:3206
    Note: Institutional Papers
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. repec:fth:oxesaf:2001-3 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Sumon Kumar Bhaumik & Ira N Gang & Myeong-Su Yun, 2009. "Rationality as a Barrier to Peace: Micro-evidence from Kosovo," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 51(2), pages 242-264, June.
    2. Murshed, S. Mansoob & Gates, Scott, 2004. "Spatial Horizontal Inequality and the Maoist Insurgency in Nepal," WIDER Working Paper Series 043, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    3. José Cuesta & Syed Mansoob Murshed, 2008. "Las Micro-Fundaciones de contrato frente a conflictos con consecuencias en la paz internacional," Research Department Publications 4592, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Jose Cuesta & Mansoob Murshed, 2008. "The Micro-foundations of Social Contracts, Civil Conflicts and International Peace-Making," Research Working Papers 8, MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict.
    5. José Cuesta & Syed Mansoob Murshed, 2008. "On the Micro-Foundations of Contract versus Conflict with Implications for International Peace-Making," Research Department Publications 4591, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. Syed Mansoob Murshed & Mohammad Zulfan Tadjoeddin, 2009. "Revisiting the greed and grievance explanations for violent internal conflict," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(1), pages 87-111.
    7. Malone, David M. & Nitzschke, Heiko, 2005. "Economic Agendas in Civil Wars: What We Know, What We Need to Know," WIDER Working Paper Series DP2005/07, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    8. Sonali Deraniyagala, 2005. "The Political Economy of Civil Conflict in Nepal," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 47-62.
    9. Ghassan Dibeh, 2008. "The business cycle in postwar Lebanon," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(2), pages 145-160.
    10. Svetlana P. Glinkina & Dorothy J. Rosenberg, 2003. "The socioeconomic roots of conflict in the Caucasus," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(4), pages 513-524.
    11. Dibeh, Ghassan, 2005. "The Political Economy of Postwar Reconstruction in Lebanon," WIDER Working Paper Series 044, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    12. Glinkina, Svetlana P. & Rosenberg, Dorothy J., 2003. "Social and Economic Decline as Factors in Conflict in the Caucasus," WIDER Working Paper Series 018, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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    Keywords

    conflict; contract; civilwar; reconstruction;

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