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Why do creative industries cluster? An analysis of the determinants of clustering of creative industries

Author

Listed:
  • Luciana Lazzeretti

    () (Department of Bussines Economics, University of Florence)

  • Rafael Boix

    () (Institut d'Estudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona)

  • Francesco Capone

    () (Department of Bussines Economics, University of Florence)

Abstract

Creative industries tend to concentrate mainly around large- and medium-sized cities, forming creative local production systems. The text analyses the forces behind clustering of creative industries to provide the first empirical explanation of the determinants of creative employment clustering following a multidisciplinary approach based on cultural and creative economics, evolutionary geography and urban economics. A comparative analysis has been performed for Italy and Spain. The results show different patterns of creative employment clustering in both countries. The small role of historical and cultural endowments, the size of the place, the average size of creative industries, the productive diversity and the concentration of human capital and creative class have been found as common factors of clustering in both countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Luciana Lazzeretti & Rafael Boix & Francesco Capone, 2009. "Why do creative industries cluster? An analysis of the determinants of clustering of creative industries," IERMB Working Paper in economics 0902, Institut d'Estudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona.
  • Handle: RePEc:esg:wpierm:0902
    as

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    File URL: http://iermb.uab.es/RePEc/doc/wpierm0902.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    5. Lisa De Propris, 2005. "Mapping local production systems in the UK: Methodology and application," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(2), pages 197-211.
    6. Joan Trullén & Rafael Boix, 2007. "Knowledge Externalities and Networks of Cities in the Creative Metropolis," Chapters,in: Creative Cities, Cultural Clusters and Local Economic Development, chapter 9 Edward Elgar Publishing.
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    12. Rafael Boix & Vittorio Galleto, 2005. "Sistemas Locales de Trabajo y Distritos Industriales Marshallianos en España," Working Papers wpdea0514, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    13. Luciana Lazzeretti & Rafael Boix & Francesco Capone, 2008. "Do Creative Industries Cluster? Mapping Creative Local Production Systems in Italy and Spain," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(5), pages 549-567.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Catarina Selada & Ines Vilhena da Cunha & Elisabete Tomaz, 2011. "Creative Clusters in Low Density Areas: A Case-Study Approach," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1366, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Rafael Boix & Blanca De-Miguel-Molina & Jose-Luis Hervas-Oliver, 2013. "Creative service business and regional performance: evidence for the European regions," Service Business, Springer;Pan-Pacific Business Association, vol. 7(3), pages 381-398, September.
    3. Ivan Boal-San Miguel & Luis Cesar Herrero-Prieto, 2016. "Where Are the Artists? Analyzing Economies of Agglomeration in Spain," ACEI Working Paper Series AWP-11-2016, Association for Cultural Economics International, revised Oct 2016.
    4. Rafael Boix Domenech & Luciana Lazzeretti & José Luis Hervàs Oliver & Blanca De Miguel Molina & Borja Trujillo Ruiz, 2011. "Creative clusters in Europe: a microdata approach," ERSA conference papers ersa11p471, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Środa-Murawska Stefania & Szymańska Daniela, 2013. "The concentration of the creative sector firms as a potential basis for the formation of creative clusters in Poland," Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, De Gruyter Open, vol. 20(20), pages 85-93, June.
    6. Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko, 2014. "Creative city policy in the context of urban asymmetry," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 29(8), pages 854-867, December.
    7. Karima Kourtit & Yuyuan Wen & Peter Nijkamp & Wentao Yu & Jin Hong & Yunhao Zhu & Dora Marinova & Xiumei Guo, 2014. "Creative industry clusters, regional innovation and economic growth in China," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(4), pages 329-347, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    creative industries; creative local production systems; creative clusters; agglomeration economies;

    JEL classification:

    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • L82 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Entertainment; Media

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