Wage-Setting and Employment Behavior of Enterprises during the Period of Economic Transition
Based on the dynamic labor demand model, we investigate wage-setting and employment behavior of enterprises during the period of transition. Using panel data on large-sized and medium-sized enterprises in the Novosibirsk region (1993–1998), we make an effort to identify the type of enterprises' behavior and to determine specific factors that affect it. We found that the type of behavior exhibited by these enterprises corresponds to the "right to manage" model's prediction, i.e., the contract curve coincides with the labor demand curve. We also found that wage-setting and employment behavior of enterprises was influenced by the dominant group of owners during the first period of transition (1994–1996). According to our analysis, workers appropriate some of the enterprise-specific rents in their wages, and the amount of this rent decreases if managers are the dominant group of owners.
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