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The Economics of Soil Erosion and the Choice of Land Use Systems by Upland Farmers in Central Vietnam

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  • Bui Dung The

    () (Hue University)

Abstract

Soil erosion is a significant problem in the uplands of the Central Coast of Vietnam. It affects the livelihood of farmers and could hinder the long-term economic development efforts in the uplands. Yet, trapped in poverty, upland farmers, especially the ethnic minority, are still using erosive land use systems to meet their immediate needs. This study demonstrates how the level of soil erosion varies across the typical land use systems. The fruit tree based agroforestry system is least erosive and most financially profitable. Measured by the annualized income loss, the on-site costs of soil erosion under upland ricebased and eucalyptus-based systems are VND 1,022 and 1,019 thousand/ha per year, respectively. That under the sugarcane system is VND 635 thousand/ ha per year, as compared (in all cases) to the fruit tree-based agroforestry system. The choice of land use system is influenced by farmers’ attributes, land plot characteristics, and policy-related variables. Promoting the switch to agroforestry systems and the adoption of soil conservation measures is essential in reducing soil erosion and sustaining development in the uplands. It is, however, a very challenging task.

Suggested Citation

  • Bui Dung The, 2016. "The Economics of Soil Erosion and the Choice of Land Use Systems by Upland Farmers in Central Vietnam," EEPSEA Research Report rr2016063, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised Apr 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:eep:report:rr2016063
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    File URL: http://www.eepsea.org/pub/rr/2001_RR15.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. John C. Foltz & John G. Lee & Marshall A. Martin & Paul V. Preckel, 1995. "Multiattribute Assessment of Alternative Cropping Systems," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 77(2), pages 408-420.
    2. Nordhaus, William D, 1993. "Optimal Greenhouse-Gas Reductions and Tax Policy in the "Dice" Model," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 313-317, May.
    3. Edward B. Barbier, 1996. "The Economics of Soil Erosion: Theory, Methodology and Examples," EEPSEA Special and Technical Paper sp199601t2, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised Jan 1996.
    4. Current, Dean & Lutz, Ernst & Scherr, Sara J, 1995. "The Costs and Benefits of Agroforestry to Farmers," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 10(2), pages 151-180, August.
    5. Marie Lynn Miranda, 1992. "Landowner Incorporation of Onsite Soil Erosion Costs: An Application to the Conservation Reserve Program," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 74(2), pages 434-443.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Keywords

    Economics of Soil Erosion; Choice of Land Use Systems; Vietnam;

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