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Cod today and none tomorrow: The Economic Value of a Marine Reserve

Author

Listed:
  • R. Quentin Grafton

    (Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Australia)

  • Tom Kompas

    (Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Australia)

Abstract

The northern cod fishery was once one of the world’s largest capture fisheries. Using data from the fishery, this research calculated the economic value of a marine reserve using a stochastic optimal control model with a jump-diffusion process. The analysis shows that, an optimal-sized marine reserve in this fishery would have prevented the fishery’s collapse and generated a triple payoff. Even if harvesting had been ‘optimal’ the profits from fishing would have been raised. The recovery time would also have decreased for the biomass to return to its former state and smoothed fishers’ harvests and profits. Following a negative shock, the chance of a catastrophic collapse would have been lowered. Key words: Marine reserves; Stochastic control; Fisheries

Suggested Citation

  • R. Quentin Grafton & Tom Kompas, 2009. "Cod today and none tomorrow: The Economic Value of a Marine Reserve," Environmental Economics Research Hub Research Reports 0922, Environmental Economics Research Hub, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  • Handle: RePEc:een:eenhrr:0922
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    File URL: https://crawford.anu.edu.au/research_units/eerh/pdf/EERH_RR22.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. R. Quentin Grafton & Leif K. Sandal & Stein Ivar Steinshamn, 2000. "How to Improve the Management of Renewable Resources: The Case of Canada's Northern Cod Fishery," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(3), pages 570-580.
    2. repec:cup:macdyn:v:1:y:1997:i:1:p:45-75 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Kevin Fox & Robert Hill & W. Diewert, 2004. "Identifying Outliers in Multi-Output Models," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 22(1), pages 73-94, July.
    4. Caddy, J. F. & Gulland, J. A., 1983. "Historical patterns of fish stocks," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 267-278, October.
    5. Gaspar, Jess & L. Judd, Kenneth, 1997. "Solving Large-Scale Rational-Expectations Models," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 45-75, January.
    6. Pezzey, John C. V. & Roberts, Callum M. & Urdal, Bjorn T., 2000. "A simple bioeconomic model of a marine reserve," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 77-91, April.
    7. Daniel E. Lane & Halldor P. Palsson, 1996. "Stock Rebuilding Strategies under Uncertainty: The Case for "Sentinel Fisheries."," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(s1), pages 151-156, April.
    8. Sanchirico, James N. & Wilen, James E., 2001. "A Bioeconomic Model of Marine Reserve Creation," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 257-276, November.
    9. R. Quentin Grafton & Tom Kompas & Pham Van Ha, 2006. "The Economic Payoffs from Marine Reserves: Resource Rents in a Stochastic Environment," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 82(259), pages 469-480, December.
    10. Smith, Martin D. & Wilen, James E., 2003. "Economic impacts of marine reserves: the importance of spatial behavior," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 183-206, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. 285 – The collapse of North Atlantic Cod
      by David Pannell in Pannell Discussions on 2015-11-02 21:00:27

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Doole, Graeme J. & Pannell, David J., 2013. "A process for the development and application of simulation models in applied economics," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 57(1), pages 1-25.
    2. Maroto, Jose M. & Moran, Manuel, 2014. "Detecting the presence of depensation in collapsed fisheries: The case of the Northern cod stock," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 101-109.
    3. Nichols, Rachel & Yamazaki, Satoshi & Jennings, Sarah, 2018. "The Role of Precaution in Stock Recovery Plans in a Fishery with Habitat Effect," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 359-369.
    4. Greenville, Jared W. & MacAulay, T. Gordon, 2006. "Marine Protected Areas in Fisheries Management," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25532, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    5. Greenville, Jared W. & MacAulay, T. Gordon, 2006. "A Bioeconomic Analysis of Protected Area use in Fisheries Management," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21469, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    6. Quentin Grafton, R., 2010. "Adaptation to climate change in marine capture fisheries," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 606-615, May.
    7. Yamazaki, Satoshi & Jennings, Sarah & Quentin Grafton, R. & Kompas, Tom, 2015. "Are marine reserves and harvest control rules substitutes or complements for rebuilding fisheries?," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1-18.
    8. Greenville, Jared W. & MacAulay, T. Gordon, 2006. "Protected Areas and the Management of Fisheries: An Institutional Perspective," 2006 Conference (50th), February 8-10, 2006, Sydney, Australia 139739, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    9. Bui Bich Xuan & Claire W. Armstrong, 2019. "Trading Off Tourism for Fisheries," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 73(2), pages 697-716, June.
    10. Greenville, Jared W. & MacAulay, T. Gordon, 2007. "Bioeconomic analysis of protected area use in fisheries management," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 51(4), pages 1-22.
    11. Jared Greenville & Gordon MacAulay, 2007. "Bioeconomic analysis of protected area use in fisheries management," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 51(4), pages 403-424, December.
    12. Greenville, Jared W. & MacAulay, T. Gordon, 2006. "A Bioeconomic Analysis of Protected Area use in Fisheries Management," 2006 Conference (50th), February 8-10, 2006, Sydney, Australia 139738, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    13. R. Quentin Grafton & Tom Kompas, 2014. "Three Pillars of Fisheries Policy," Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(3), pages 609-614, September.
    14. Wisdom Akpalu & Worku Bitew, 2014. "Optimum reserve size, fishing induced change in carrying capacity, and phenotypic diversity," Journal of Bioeconomics, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 289-304, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    marine reserves; stochastic control; fisheries;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • Q22 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Fishery

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