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The granular and fundamental components of export specialization

Author

Listed:
  • Juan de Lucio

    (Universidad Nebrija. Calle de Santa Cruz de Marcenado, 27, 28015, Madrid (Spain).)

  • Raúl Mínguez

    (Universidad Nebrija. Calle de Santa Cruz de Marcenado, 27, 28015, Madrid (Spain).)

  • Asier Minondo

    (Deusto Business School, University of Deusto, Camino de Mundaiz 50, 20012 Donostia - San Sebastián (Spain). Research aliate of Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales.)

  • Francisco Requena

    (Department of Economic Structure, University of Valencia, Avda. dels Tarongers s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain).)

Abstract

Countries' export specialization patterns are often caused by the behavior of very few firms. We propose an easy-to-implement methodology to decompose export specialization into fundamental comparative advantage (a country-specific component) and granular comparative advantage (a firm-specific component). We apply this methodology to analyze export specialization across countries and across regions within a country. In the country-level analysis, we find that, on average, granular comparative advantage leads to export specialization in 29% of industries, which account for 47% of total exports. We also show that 60% of the variation in export specialization across countries is explained by granular comparative advantage. The contribution of firms to export specialization is more important across regions within a country than across countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan de Lucio & Raúl Mínguez & Asier Minondo & Francisco Requena, 2017. "The granular and fundamental components of export specialization," Working Papers 1704, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  • Handle: RePEc:eec:wpaper:1704
    as

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    File URL: ftp://147.156.210.157/RePEc/pdf/eec_1704.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    exports; fundamental comparative advantage; granular comparative advantage; European Union; Spain; regions; export superstars; firm-level data;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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