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Legal System and Rule of Law Effects on US Cross-Listing to Bond by Emerging-Market Firms

Author

Listed:
  • Vaaler, Paul M.

    (U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

  • Schrage, Burkhard N.

    (Singapore Management U)

Abstract

An emerging "bonding hypothesis" holds that a firm's geographic domicile may not determine its corporate governance destiny. Firms from countries with weaker corporate governance regimes can internationalize their legal (but not necessarily operational) presence by cross-listing their securities on overseas financial markets. They can "bond" with legal systems and enforcement policies in foreign corporate governance regimes providing stronger investor protection. Cross-listing to bond increases firm value by decreasing corporate misconduct, broadening the investor base, and lowering the cost of capital. We document evidence of cross-listing to bond with stronger legal systems and rule of law by more than 700 firms from 23 emerging-market countries cross-listing their securities on US financial markets from 1996-2002. We find that: 1) US cross-listing levels are lower for firms from Common Law countries providing stronger investor protection, but only in Common Law countries with weaker rule of law; and 2) US cross-listing levels are higher for firms from Civil Law countries providing weaker investor protection, but only in Civil Law countries with stronger rule of law. Emerging-market firms exhibit behavior consistent with bonding hypothesis considerations and cross-list as a commitment to a more rigorous corporate governance regime, but the behavior is contingent and depends on examination of both legal system and rule of law effects individually and in interaction. Our empirical results highlight the importance of broadening investigating of firm internationalization to consider legal dimensions. Firms have discretion to choose foreign corporate governance regimes with less or no regard to where their operations are located.

Suggested Citation

  • Vaaler, Paul M. & Schrage, Burkhard N., 2006. "Legal System and Rule of Law Effects on US Cross-Listing to Bond by Emerging-Market Firms," Working Papers 06-0126, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecl:illbus:06-0126
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    File URL: http://www.business.illinois.edu/Working_Papers/papers/06-0126.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Peng, Mike W. & Su, Weichieh, 2014. "Cross-listing and the scope of the firm," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 42-50.
    2. Inga Chira, 2014. "The impact of governance characteristics on the stock price of cross listed companies," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 38(1), pages 53-70, January.

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