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Capital Account Liberalization, Institutional Quality and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence

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  • Michael W. Klein

Abstract

This paper shows that the effect of capital account liberalization on growth depends upon the environment in which that policy occurs. A theoretical model demonstrates the possibility of an inverted-U shaped relationship between the responsiveness of growth to capital account liberalization and institutional quality. Three empirical specifications based on the model are estimated using a panel of 71 countries. Estimates of all three specifications support the hypothesis of a non-monotonic interaction between the responsiveness of growth to capital account liberalization and institutional quality, with about one-quarter of the countries, those with better (but not the best) institutions exhibiting a statistically significant and economically meaningful effect of capital account openness on economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael W. Klein, 2005. "Capital Account Liberalization, Institutional Quality and Economic Growth: Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 11112, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:11112
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Barro, Robert J & Mankiw, N Gregory & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1995. "Capital Mobility in Neoclassical Models of Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(1), pages 103-115, March.
    2. Fischer, S. & Cooper, R.N. & Dornbusch, R. & Garber, P.M. & Massad, C. & Polak, J.J. & Rodrik, D. & Tarapore, S.S., 1998. "Should the IMF Pursue Capital-Account Convertibility?," Princeton Essays in International Economics 207, International Economics Section, Departement of Economics Princeton University,.
    3. Vittorio Grilli & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 1995. "Economic Effects and Structural Determinants of Capital Controls," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 42(3), pages 517-551, September.
    4. Michael W. Klein & Giovanni Olivei, 1999. "Capital Account Liberalization, Financial Depth and Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 7384, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Kenneth A. Froot & Jeremy C. Stein, 1991. "Exchange Rates and Foreign Direct Investment: An Imperfect Capital Markets Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1191-1217.
    6. Hali J. Edison & Michael W. Klein & Luca Antonio Ricci & Torsten Sl√łk, 2004. "Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Performance: Survey and Synthesis," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 51(2), pages 1-2.
    7. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 1-118.
    8. repec:cup:apsrev:v:91:y:1997:i:03:p:531-551_21 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

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