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On the maxmin value of stochastic games with imperfect monitoring

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  • VIEILLE, Nicolas
  • ROSENBERG, Dinah
  • SOLAN, Eilon

Abstract

We study zero-sum stochastic games in which players do not observe the actions of the opponent. Rather, they observe a stochastic signal that may depend on the state, and on the pair of actions chosen by the players. We assume each player observes the state and his own action. We propose a candidate for the max-min value, which does not depend on the information structure of player 2. We prove that player 2 can defend the proposed max-min value, and that in absorbing games player 1 can guarantee it. Analogous results hold for the min-max value. This paper thereby unites several results due to Coulomb.

Suggested Citation

  • VIEILLE, Nicolas & ROSENBERG, Dinah & SOLAN, Eilon, 2001. "On the maxmin value of stochastic games with imperfect monitoring," HEC Research Papers Series 760, HEC Paris.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:heccah:0760
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Radner, Roy, 1981. "Monitoring Cooperative Agreements in a Repeated Principal-Agent Relationship," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(5), pages 1127-1148, September.
    2. Robert J. Aumann, 1995. "Repeated Games with Incomplete Information," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011476.
    3. Vrieze, O J & Thuijsman, F, 1989. "On Equilibria in Repeated Games with Absorbing States," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 18(3), pages 293-310.
    4. Aumann, Robert J. & Heifetz, Aviad, 2002. "Incomplete information," Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications, in: R.J. Aumann & S. Hart (ed.), Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 43, pages 1665-1686, Elsevier.
    5. Mertens, Jean-Francois, 2002. "Stochastic games," Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications, in: R.J. Aumann & S. Hart (ed.), Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 47, pages 1809-1832, Elsevier.
    6. Coulomb, Jean-Michel, 1992. "Repeated Games with Absorbing States and No Signals," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 21(2), pages 161-174.
    7. Lehrer, E, 1989. "Lower Equilibrium Payoffs in Two-Player Repeated Games with Non-observable Actions," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 18(1), pages 57-89.
    8. Eilon Solan & Rakesh V. Vohra, 1999. "Correlated Equilibrium, Public Signaling and Absorbing Games," Discussion Papers 1272, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    9. Lehrer, E, 1990. "Nash Equilibria of n-Player Repeated Games with Semi-standard Information," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 19(2), pages 191-217.
    10. Lehrer, Ehud, 1992. "On the Equilibrium Payoffs Set of Two Player Repeated Games with Imperfect Monitoring," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 20(3), pages 211-226.
    11. Ehud Lehrer, 1992. "Correlated Equilibria in Two-Player Repeated Games with Nonobservable Actions," Mathematics of Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 17(1), pages 175-199, February.
    12. Rubinstein, Ariel & Yaari, Menahem E., 1983. "Repeated insurance contracts and moral hazard," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 74-97, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Laraki, Rida & Sorin, Sylvain, 2015. "Advances in Zero-Sum Dynamic Games," Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications,, Elsevier.
    2. Solan, Eilon & Vieille, Nicolas, 2003. "Deterministic multi-player Dynkin games," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(8), pages 911-929, November.
    3. Xavier Venel, 2015. "Commutative Stochastic Games," Mathematics of Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 40(2), pages 403-428, February.
    4. Jean-François Mertens & Abraham Neyman & Dinah Rosenberg, 2009. "Absorbing Games with Compact Action Spaces," Mathematics of Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 34(2), pages 257-262, May.
    5. Levy, Yehuda, 2012. "Stochastic games with information lag," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 243-256.
    6. Eilon Solan, 2005. "Subgame-Perfection in Quitting Games with Perfect Information and Differential Equations," Mathematics of Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 30(1), pages 51-72, February.
    7. Abraham Neyman, 2002. "Stochastic games: Existence of the MinMax," Discussion Paper Series dp295, The Federmann Center for the Study of Rationality, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Stochastic games; partial monitoring; value;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C73 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Stochastic and Dynamic Games; Evolutionary Games

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