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Empirical Analyses of U.S. Congressional Voting on Recent FTA Bills


  • Hyejoon Im

    (Korea Institute for International Economic Policy)

  • Hankyoung Sun


This paper discusses what political and economic factors affect house representatives voting behavior on free trade agreement (FTA) implementation bills in the 108th and 109th Congresses in the U.S. using a simultaneous probit-tobit model that consists of contribution equations and voting equations. We find that partisanship, especially when the results of roll-calls have narrow margins; a relative employment size in trade-sensitive sectors; and contribution funds exert great influence on the voting behaviors of representatives. The marginal effects of political and economic variables in the study could provide some policy implications for the prediction of the passage of future FTA bills in Congress.

Suggested Citation

  • Hyejoon Im & Hankyoung Sun, 2008. "Empirical Analyses of U.S. Congressional Voting on Recent FTA Bills," Governance Working Papers 22992, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:govern:22992

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fr Chette, Guillaume R. & Kagel, John H. & Lehrer, Steven F., 2003. "Bargaining in Legislatures: An Experimental Investigation of Open versus Closed Amendment Rules," American Political Science Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 97(02), pages 221-232, May.
    2. Eugene Beaulieu & Christopher Magee, 2004. "Four Simple Tests of Campaign Contributions and Trade Policy Preferences," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(2), pages 163-187, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lake, James & Millimet, Daniel L., 2016. "An empirical analysis of trade-related redistribution and the political viability of free trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 156-178.
    2. repec:smu:ecowpa:1405 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Voting behaviour; Free Trade Agreement; probit-tobit model;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General


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