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A Coordinated Strategic Reserve to Safeguard the European Energy Transition

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  • Karsten Neuhoff
  • Jochen Diekmann
  • Friedrich Kunz
  • Sophia Rüster
  • Wolf-Peter Schill
  • Sebastian Schwenen

Abstract

In Germany and beyond, various capacity mechanisms are currently being discussed with a view to improving the security of electricity supply. One of these mechanisms is a strategic reserve that retains generation capacity for use in times of critical supply shortage. We argue that strategic reserves have specific advantages compared to other capacity mechanisms in the context of the European energy transition. To date, however, the debate on capacity mechanisms has largely been restricted to national contexts. Against this background, we discuss the feasibility and potential benefits of coordinated cross-border strategic reserves to safeguard electricity supply and aid the energy transition in Germany and neighboring countries at large. Setting aside strategic reserve capacity which is deployed only in the event of extreme supply shortages could improve the security of electricity supply without distorting the EU’s internal electricity market. In addition, overall costs may decrease when reserve procurement and activation are coordinated among countries, particularly if combined with flow-based market coupling.

Suggested Citation

  • Karsten Neuhoff & Jochen Diekmann & Friedrich Kunz & Sophia Rüster & Wolf-Peter Schill & Sebastian Schwenen, 2015. "A Coordinated Strategic Reserve to Safeguard the European Energy Transition," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1495, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1495
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    Cited by:

    1. Bonaldo, Cinzia & Fontini, Fulvio & Moretto, Michele, 2022. "The Energy Transition and the Value of Capacity Remuneration Mechanisms," FEEM Working Papers 321985, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    2. Traber, Thure, 2017. "Capacity Remuneration Mechanisms for Reliability in the Integrated European Electricity Market: Effects on Welfare and Distribution through 2023," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 1-14.
    3. Kozlova, Mariia & Huhta, Kaisa & Lohrmann, Alena, 2023. "The interface between support schemes for renewable energy and security of supply: Reviewing capacity mechanisms and support schemes for renewable energy in Europe," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 181(C).
    4. Fabra, Natalia, 2018. "A primer on capacity mechanisms," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 323-335.
    5. Pär Holmberg & Thomas Tangerås, 2021. "Strategic Reserves versus Market-wide Capacity Mechanisms," Working Papers EPRG2109, Energy Policy Research Group, Cambridge Judge Business School, University of Cambridge.
    6. Jakob Medick & Isabel Teichmann & Claudia Kemfert, 2017. "Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC) of Green Waste: An Environmental and Economic Assessment of HTC Coal in the Metropolitan Region of Berlin, Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1690, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    7. Medick, Jakob & Teichmann, Isabel & Kemfert, Claudia, 2018. "Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of green waste: Mitigation potentials, costs, and policy implications of HTC coal in the metropolitan region of Berlin, Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 503-513.
    8. Tangerås, Thomas P., 2018. "Equilibrium supply security in a multinational electricity market with renewable production," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 416-435.
    9. Billimoria, Farhad & Fele, Filiberto & Savelli, Iacopo & Morstyn, Thomas & McCulloch, Malcolm, 2022. "An insurance mechanism for electricity reliability differentiation under deep decarbonization," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 321(C).
    10. Lukas Block & Bastian Westbrock, 2022. "Capacity investments in a competitive energy market," Working Papers Dissertations 95, Paderborn University, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics.
    11. Bublitz, Andreas & Keles, Dogan & Zimmermann, Florian & Fraunholz, Christoph & Fichtner, Wolf, 2018. "A survey on electricity market design: Insights from theory and real-world implementations of capacity remuneration mechanisms," Working Paper Series in Production and Energy 27, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Industrial Production (IIP).
    12. Zimmermann, Florian & Bublitz, Andreas & Keles, Dogan & Fichtner, Wolf, 2019. "Cross-border effects of capacity remuneration mechanisms: The Swiss case," Working Paper Series in Production and Energy 35, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Industrial Production (IIP).
    13. Paul Adrianus van Baal, 2020. "Effectiveness of a strategic energy reserve during the energy transition: The case of Switzerland," Competition and Regulation in Network Industries, , vol. 21(2), pages 65-90, June.
    14. Karol Tucki & Olga Orynycz & Andrzej Wasiak & Antoni Świć & Wojciech Dybaś, 2019. "Capacity Market Implementation in Poland: Analysis of a Survey on Consequences for the Electricity Market and for Energy Management," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(5), pages 1-16, March.
    15. Neuhoff, Karsten & Richstein, Jörn C. & Kröger, Mats, 2023. "Reacting to changing paradigms: How and why to reform electricity markets," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 180(C).
    16. Przemysław Kaszyński & Aleksandra Komorowska & Krzysztof Zamasz & Grzegorz Kinelski & Jacek Kamiński, 2021. "Capacity Market and (the Lack of) New Investments: Evidence from Poland," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(23), pages 1-17, November.
    17. Neuhoff, Karsten & Wolter, Sophia & Schwenen, Sebastian, 2016. "Power markets with Renewables: New perspectives for the European Target Model," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 37, pages 3-38.
    18. Chyong, C. & Pollitt, M. & Cruise, R., 2019. "Can wholesale electricity prices support “subsidy-free” generation investment in Europe?," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1955, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    19. Croonenbroeck, Carsten & Palm, Marcel, 2020. "A spatio-temporal Durbin fixed effects IV-Model for ENTSO-E electricity flows analysis," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 148(C), pages 205-213.
    20. Monyei, Chukwuka G. & Akpeji, Kingsley O. & Oladeji, Olamide & Babatunde, Olubayo M. & Aholu, Okechukwu C. & Adegoke, Damilola & Imafidon, Justus O., 2022. "Regional cooperation for mitigating energy poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: A context-based approach through the tripartite lenses of access, sufficiency, and mobility," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 159(C).
    21. Bichuch, Maxim & Hobbs, Benjamin F. & Song, Xinyue, 2023. "Identifying optimal capacity expansion and differentiated capacity payments under risk aversion and market power: A financial Stackelberg game approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(C).
    22. Bublitz, Andreas & Keles, Dogan & Zimmermann, Florian & Fraunholz, Christoph & Fichtner, Wolf, 2019. "A survey on electricity market design: Insights from theory and real-world implementations of capacity remuneration mechanisms," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 1059-1078.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capacity mechanisms; strategic reserve; market design; energy policy; energy transition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D47 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Market Design
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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