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Exchange Rate Pass-Through in India an Exploration with Sectoral Import Prices

  • Pradyut Kumar Pyne
  • Saikat Sinha Roy
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    This paper investigates into the degree of exchange rate pass-through to prices of non-oil imports in India during reforms. Exchange rate pass-through (ERPT) is the responsiveness of trade prices (expressed in local currency) to unit change in exchange rate. ERPT is complete if the response in prices is proportional to exchange rate changes and is incomplete if the change in price is less than proportional. The existing empirical literature on the subject provides ample evidence on incomplete pass-through to import prices. Theoretically, incomplete pass-through to import prices is explained in terms of exporters adjusting their mark-ups in order to maintain market shares following currency depreciation. Even though the studies on India have sound theoretical basis, the empirical estimates are weak based on single equation models. In sharp contrast to earlier attempts, a simultaneous equation model incorporating both demand and supply sides is set up for estimation. The reduced form equation for import prices is estimated for disaggregated imports using panel data estimation technique. The empirical results, which are robust, show incomplete exchange rate pass-through to import prices in India. The degree of pass-through is found to vary across commodity groups, the coefficient is found to be insignificant in case of most import sub-sectors with the only exception of chemicals. Further, the estimates show acceptance of fixed effect over random effect indicating sector-specific factors like market concentration and related conduct in determining the degree of exchange rate pass-through to import prices.

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    File URL: http://degit.sam.sdu.dk/papers/degit_14/c014_038.pdf
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    Paper provided by DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade in its series DEGIT Conference Papers with number c014_038.

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    Length: 29 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:deg:conpap:c014_038
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    1. Taylor, John B., 2000. "Low inflation, pass-through, and the pricing power of firms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(7), pages 1389-1408, June.
    2. Halpern, László & Koren, Miklós, 2004. "Pricing to Firm: An Analysis of Firm- and Product-Level Import Prices," CEPR Discussion Papers 4568, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Reinhart, Carmen & Calvo, Guillermo, 2002. "Fear of floating," MPRA Paper 14000, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Sushanta Mallick & Helena Marques, 2006. "Sectoral Exchange Rate Pass-Through: Testing The Impact Of Policy Reforms In India," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 53(2), pages 280-303, 05.
    5. Jeevan K Khundrakpam, 2007. "Economic reforms and exchange rate pass-through to domestic prices in India," BIS Working Papers 225, Bank for International Settlements.
    6. Feenstra, R.C. & Gagnon, J.E. & Knetter, M.M., 1993. "Market Share and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in World Automobile Trade," Papers 93-14, California Davis - Institute of Governmental Affairs.
    7. Patricia S. Pollard & Cletus C. Coughlin, 2003. "Pass-through estimates and the choice of an exchange rate index," Working Papers 2003-004, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    8. Salas, Javier, 1982. "Estimation of the structure and elasticities of Mexican imports in the period 1961-1979," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 297-311, June.
    9. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1996. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," NBER Working Papers 5862, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Sebastian Edwards, 2006. "The Relationship Between Exchange Rates and Inflation Targeting Revisited," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 409, Central Bank of Chile.
    11. Philippe Bacchetta & Eric van Wincoop, 2001. "A Theory of the Currency Denomination of International Trade," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 01.13, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
    12. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff & Miguel A. Savastano, 2003. "Addicted to Dollars," NBER Working Papers 10015, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
      • Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff & Miguel A. Savastano, 2003. "Addicted to Dollars," CEMA Working Papers 594, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
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