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On the Effects of Fiscal Policies in Portugal

Author

Listed:
  • Alfredo M. Pereira

    () (Department of Economics, College of William and Mary)

  • Oriol Roca Sagales

    () (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

This paper estimates the long-term effects on output of different fiscal policies in Portugal in the context of unrestricted VAR models that include several public spending and taxation variables. Empirical results suggest that the effects of fiscal policies are within the Keynesian paradigm for public transfers, public consumption, public investment and direct taxation, with public investment showing particularly strong positive effects and direct taxation showing particularly strong negative effects. In turn, non-Keynesian effects dominate in the case of public wages where cuts are expansionary and indirect taxation where raises are neutral. Accordingly, cuts in public wages and raises in indirect taxations are the two most desirable instruments for fiscal consolidation in Portugal. Finally, deficit-neutral policies that offset raises in public transfers, public consumption, and public investment, with raises in indirect taxes have long-term positive effects on output. The same is true for cuts in direct taxation offset with cuts in all forms of public spending except for public investment.

Suggested Citation

  • Alfredo M. Pereira & Oriol Roca Sagales, 2006. "On the Effects of Fiscal Policies in Portugal," Working Papers 35, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary.
  • Handle: RePEc:cwm:wpaper:35
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    File URL: http://economics.wm.edu/wp/cwm_wp35rev.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Francesco Giavazzi & Marco Pagano, 1990. "Can Severe Fiscal Contractions Be Expansionary? Tales of Two Small European Countries," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1990, Volume 5, pages 75-122 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Christophe Kamps, 2005. "The Dynamic Effects of Public Capital: VAR Evidence for 22 OECD Countries," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 12(4), pages 533-558, August.
    3. Francesco Giavazzi & Marco Pagano, 1995. "Non-Keynesian Effects of Fiscal Policy Changes: International Evidence and the Swedish Experience," NBER Working Papers 5332, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Olivier Blanchard & Roberto Perotti, 2002. "An Empirical Characterization of the Dynamic Effects of Changes in Government Spending and Taxes on Output," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1329-1368.
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    Cited by:

    1. Swati Yadav & V. Upadhyay & Seema Sharma, 2012. "Impact of Fiscal Policy Shocks on the Indian Economy," Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, National Council of Applied Economic Research, vol. 6(4), pages 415-444, November.
    2. Ricardo Silva & Vitor Manuel Carvalho & Ana Paula Ribeiro, 2013. "How large are fiscal multipliers? A panel-data VAR approach for the Euro area," FEP Working Papers 500, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    policy; budgetary restraint; fiscal consolidation;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H60 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - General

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