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Testing Linearity Using Power Transforms of Regressors

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Abstract

We develop a method of testing linearity using power transforms of regressors, allowing for stationary processes and time trends. The linear model is a simplifying hypothesis that derives from the power transform model in three different ways, each producing its own identification problem. We call this modeling difficulty the trifold identification problem and show that it may be overcome using a test based on the quasi-likelihood ratio (QLR) statistic. More specifically, the QLR statistic may be approximated under each identification problem and the separate null approximations may be combined to produce a composite approximation that embodies the linear model hypothesis. The limit theory for the QLR test statistic depends on a Gaussian stochastic process. In the important special case of a linear time trend regressor and martingale difference errors asymptotic critical values of the test are provided. The paper also considers generalizations of the Box-Cox transformation, which are associated with the QLR test statistic.

Suggested Citation

  • Yae In Baek & Jin Seo Cho & Peter C.B. Phillips, 2013. "Testing Linearity Using Power Transforms of Regressors," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1917, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  • Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1917
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    1. Jin Seo Cho & Isao Ishida & Halbert White, 2013. "Testing for Neglected Nonlinearity Using Twofold Unidentified Models under the Null and Hexic Expansions (published in: Essays in Nonlinear Time Series Econometrics, Festschrift in Honor of Timo Teras," Working papers 2013rwp-55, Yonsei University, Yonsei Economics Research Institute.
    2. Hansen, Bruce E, 1996. "Inference When a Nuisance Parameter Is Not Identified under the Null Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(2), pages 413-430, March.
    3. Baek, Yae In & Cho, Jin Seo & Phillips, Peter C.B., 2015. "Testing linearity using power transforms of regressors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 187(1), pages 376-384.
    4. Phillips, P.C.B., 1989. "Partially Identified Econometric Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 5(02), pages 181-240, August.
    5. Richard E. Just & Quinn Weninger, 1999. "Are Crop Yields Normally Distributed?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(2), pages 287-304.
    6. Cho, Jin Seo & White, Halbert, 2010. "Testing for unobserved heterogeneity in exponential and Weibull duration models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 157(2), pages 458-480, August.
    7. Park, Joon Y. & Phillips, Peter C.B., 1999. "Asymptotics For Nonlinear Transformations Of Integrated Time Series," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(03), pages 269-298, June.
    8. Cho, Jin Seo & Ishida, Isao, 2012. "Testing for the effects of omitted power transformations," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(1), pages 287-290.
    9. Phillips, Peter C.B., 2007. "Regression With Slowly Varying Regressors And Nonlinear Trends," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 23(04), pages 557-614, August.
    10. Park, Joon Y. & Phillips, Peter C.B., 1988. "Statistical Inference in Regressions with Integrated Processes: Part 1," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(03), pages 468-497, December.
    11. Octavio A. Ramirez & Sukant Misra & James Field, 2003. "Crop-Yield Distributions Revisited," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(1), pages 108-120.
    12. Shi, Xiaoxia & Phillips, Peter C.B., 2012. "Nonlinear Cointegrating Regression Under Weak Identification," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(03), pages 509-547, June.
    13. Bierens, Herman J, 1990. "A Consistent Conditional Moment Test of Functional Form," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(6), pages 1443-1458, November.
    14. Jarque, Carlos M. & Bera, Anil K., 1980. "Efficient tests for normality, homoscedasticity and serial independence of regression residuals," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 255-259.
    15. Stinchcombe, Maxwell B. & White, Halbert, 1998. "Consistent Specification Testing With Nuisance Parameters Present Only Under The Alternative," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(03), pages 295-325, June.
    16. Bierens, Herman J., 1982. "Consistent model specification tests," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 105-134, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jin Seo Cho & Myung-Ho Park & Peter C. B. Phillips, 2016. "Sequentially Testing Polynomial Model Hypotheses Using Power Transforms of Regressors," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 2060, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    2. repec:eee:econom:v:202:y:2018:i:1:p:45-56 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Cho, Jin Seo & Phillips, Peter C.B., 2018. "Pythagorean generalization of testing the equality of two symmetric positive definite matrices," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 202(1), pages 45-56.
    4. Jianning Kong & Peter C.B. Phillips & Donggyu Sul, 2017. "Weak s- Convergence: Theory and Applications," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 2072, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    5. Baek, Yae In & Cho, Jin Seo & Phillips, Peter C.B., 2015. "Testing linearity using power transforms of regressors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 187(1), pages 376-384.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Box Cox transform; Gaussian stochastic process; Neglected nonlinearity; Power transformation; Quasi-likelihood ratio test; Trend exponent; Trifold identification problem;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C18 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Methodolical Issues: General
    • C46 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Specific Distributions
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

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