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Uniform Asymptotic Normality in Stationary and Unit Root Autoregression

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Abstract

While differencing transformations can eliminate nonstationarity, they typically reduce signal strength and correspondingly reduce rates of convergence in unit root autoregressions. The present paper shows that aggregating moment conditions that are formulated in differences provides an orderly mechanism for preserving information and signal strength in autoregressions with some very desirable properties. In first order autoregression, a partially aggregated estimator based on moment conditions in differences is shown to have a limiting normal distribution which holds uniformly in the autoregressive coefficient rho including stationary and unit root cases. The rate of convergence is root of n when |rho|

Suggested Citation

  • Chirok Han & Peter C.B. Phillips & Donggyu Sul, 2010. "Uniform Asymptotic Normality in Stationary and Unit Root Autoregression," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1746, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  • Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1746
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Phillips, Peter C B, 1995. "Fully Modified Least Squares and Vector Autoregression," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(5), pages 1023-1078, September.
    2. Kim, Yangseon & Qian, Hailong & Schmidt, Peter, 1999. "Efficient GMM and MD estimation of autoregressive models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 62(3), pages 265-270, March.
    3. Peter C.B. Phillips & Chin Chin Lee, 1996. "Efficiency Gains from Quasi-Differencing Under Nonstationarity," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1134, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    4. Phillips, Peter C.B. & Han, Chirok, 2008. "Gaussian Inference In Ar(1) Time Series With Or Without A Unit Root," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(03), pages 631-650, June.
    5. Roy, Anindya & Fuller, Wayne A, 2001. "Estimation for Autoregressive Time Series with a Root Near 1," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 19(4), pages 482-493, October.
    6. Phillips, Peter C.B. & Magdalinos, Tassos, 2009. "Unit Root And Cointegrating Limit Theory When Initialization Is In The Infinite Past," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(06), pages 1682-1715, December.
    7. Andrews, Donald W.K., 1988. "Laws of Large Numbers for Dependent Non-Identically Distributed Random Variables," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(03), pages 458-467, December.
    8. Andrews, Donald W K, 1993. "Exactly Median-Unbiased Estimation of First Order Autoregressive/Unit Root Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(1), pages 139-165, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gorodnichenko, Yuriy & Mikusheva, Anna & Ng, Serena, 2012. "Estimators For Persistent And Possibly Nonstationary Data With Classical Properties," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(05), pages 1003-1036, October.
    2. Han, Chirok & Phillips, Peter C.B., 2013. "First difference maximum likelihood and dynamic panel estimation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 175(1), pages 35-45.
    3. Jhih-Gang Chen & Biing-Shen Kuo, 2013. "Gaussian inference in general AR(1) models based on difference," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(4), pages 447-453, July.
    4. Joakim Westerlund & Mehdi Hosseinkouchack, 2016. "Modified CADF and CIPS Panel Unit Root Statistics with Standard Chi†squared and Normal Limiting Distributions," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 78(3), pages 347-364, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Aggregating information; Asymptotic normality; Bias Reduction; Differencing; Efficiency; Full aggregation; Maximum likelihood estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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