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Migration temporaire et mobilité intergénérationnelle

  • Alice MESNARD

    (ARQADE, Université de Toulouse 1)

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    L'article étudie l'effet de l'émigration des travailleurs sur la distribution de la richesse d'une petite économie où les travailleurs sont confrontés à des difficultés d'accès au marché du crédit. Les migrants s'enrichissent en travaillant à l'étranger puis lèguent leur richesse à leurs descendants en revenant dans leur pays d'origine. Une plus grande proportion de travailleurs de la génération suivante deviennent entrepreneurs. Si l'émigration n'est pas trop restreinte, le salaire augmente et la structure du marché du travail est modifiée. L'accumulation de richesse est tirée vers le haut. Ainsi l'émigration temporaire peut conduire un pays en voie de développement hors d'un « piège de la pauvreté ».

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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/REL/2001014.pdf
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    Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2001014.

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    Length: 30
    Date of creation: 01 Mar 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2001014
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    Web page: http://www.uclouvain.be/iresEmail:


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    1. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    2. Blanchflower, David G & Oswald, Andrew J, 1998. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 26-60, January.
    3. Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/10449, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    4. Miyagiwa, K., 1989. "Scale Economics In Education And The Brain Drain Problem," Working Papers 89-09, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
    5. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    6. Douglas Holtz-Eakin & David Joulfaian & Harvey S. Rosen, 1993. "Entrepreneurial Decisions and Liquidity Constraints," NBER Working Papers 4526, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Evans, David S & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1989. "An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 808-27, August.
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