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Exchange Rate, External Orientation of Firms and Wage Adjustment

Author

Listed:
  • Francesco Nucci

    (University of Rome La Sapienza)

  • Alberto Franco Pozzolo

    (University of Molise, MoFiR, CASMeF and Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano)

Abstract

We estimate the effect of exchange rate movements on firm-level wages, using a representative panel of manufacturing firms. We show that the direction and size of wage adjustment is shaped by the international exposure of each firm on both the sale and cost side of the balance sheet, similar to the response of employment documented in Nucci and Pozzolo (2010). Through the revenue side, wages tend to rise after a currency depreciation and the effect is more pronounced the higher is the firm’s exposure to sales from exports. Through the expenditure side, a depreciation induces a cut in the firm’s wages, and the effect is larger the higher is the incidence of imported inputs in total production costs. For a given degree of external orientation, both these effects are larger for firms with a lower market power. Moreover, we document that the effect of exchange rates on wages is shaped by (i) the extent of sectoral import penetration in the domestic market; (ii) the proportion of newly hired workers in each firm in a given year; and (iii) the composition of the firm’s workforce by occupational category.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Nucci & Alberto Franco Pozzolo, 2012. "Exchange Rate, External Orientation of Firms and Wage Adjustment," Development Working Papers 336, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 15 Jul 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:336
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Nucci, Francesco & Pozzolo, Alberto Franco, 2010. "The exchange rate, employment and hours: What firm-level data say," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 112-123, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. YOKOYAMA Izumi & HIGA Kazuhito & KAWAGUCHI Daiji, 2015. "The Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuations on Employment in a Segmented Labor Market," Discussion papers 15139, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. Izumi Yokoyama & Kazuhito Higa & Daiji Kawaguchi, 2018. "Adjustments of regular and non-regular workers to exogenous shocks: Evidence from exchange rate fluctuation," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 18-E-2, Bank of Japan.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange Rate; Firms’ Foreign Exposure; Wages;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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