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Location Choices of Multinational Firms in Europe: the Role of National Bourdaries and EU Policy

  • Roberto Basile

    (ISAE, Rome)

  • Davide Castellani

    (University of Urbino)

We examine the determinants of multinational firms’ location choices in Europe by estimating a nested logit model on a data-set of 5,761 foreign subsidiaries established in 55 regions in 8 EU countries over the period 1991-1999. We find that firms perceive regions across different countries as more similar than regions within national borders. This might be revealing that the process of European integration has reduced the national specificities perceived by multinationals and that regions within Europe attract FDIs more across than within countries. Controlling for regional market size and potential, agglomeration economies and labor markets conditions, we also find that EU regional policy, captured by Cohesion Funds and Objective 1 eligibility, played a significant role in attracting multinationals, thus mitigating the agglomeration forces at work. Differences emerge in determinants of EU and US multinationals location choices, with special reference to the role of labor markets.

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Paper provided by Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano in its series Development Working Papers with number 183.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2003
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Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:183
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