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EMU: Countries or Regions? Lessons from the EMS Experience

  • Fatás, Antonio

The future adoption of a single currency among some of the members of the European Union has raised many concerns about the ability of EMU to deal with shocks that are specific to regions or countries. The assumption behind these concerns is that national business cycles in Europe are fairly pronounced and that exchange rates are good stabilizing tools. This paper characterizes regional and national fluctuations within the European Union and studies how the process of integration and the creation of the EMS has affected these patterns. Our results indicate that national borders have seen their economic significance reduced over time as the process of integration has increased cross-border correlations and reduced within-border comovements.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 1558.

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Date of creation: Jan 1997
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1558
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  1. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1992. "Regional Evolutions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 23(1), pages 1-76.
  2. Decressin, Jorg & Fatas, Antonio, 1995. "Regional labor market dynamics in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 1627-1655, December.
  3. Artis, Michael J & Zhang, W, 1997. "International Business Cycles and the ERM: Is There a European Business Cycle?," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 2(1), pages 1-16, January.
  4. Sachs, Jeffrey & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Fiscal Federalism and Optimum Currency Areas: Evidence for Europe from the United States," CEPR Discussion Papers 632, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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