IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Optimal Matching and Social Sciences

  • Laurent Lesnard

    ()

    (Crest)

Registered author(s):

    This working paper is a reflection on the conditions required to use optimal matching (OM) in social sciences. Despite its striking success in biology, optimal matching was not invented to solve biological questions but computer science ones: OM is a family of distance concepts originating in information and coding theory were it is known under various names among which Hamming, and Levenshtein distance. As a consequence, the success of this method in biology has nothing to do with the alleged similarity of the way it operates with biological processes but with choices of parameters in accordance with the kind of materials and questions biologists are facing. As materials and questions differ in social sciences, it is not possible to import OM directly from biology. The very basic fact that sequences of social events are not made of biological matter but of events and time is crucial for the adaptation of OM: insertion and deletion operations warp time and are to be avoided if information regarding the social regulation of the timing of event is to be fully recovered. A formulation of substitution costs taking advantage of the social structuration of time is proposed for sequences sharing the same calendar: dynamic substitution costs can be derived from the series of transition matrices describing social sub-rhythms. An application to the question of the scheduling of work is proposed: using data from the 1985-86 and 1998-99 French time-use surveys, twelve types of workdays are uncovered. Their interpretability and quality, assessed visually through aggregate and individual tempograms, and box plots, seem satisfactory.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://www.crest.fr/doctravail/document/2006-01.pdf
    File Function: Crest working paper version
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2006-01.

    as
    in new window

    Length: 27 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2006
    Date of revision: Jan 2006
    Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2006-01
    Contact details of provider: Postal: 15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri 92245 Malakoff Cedex
    Phone: 01 41 17 60 81
    Web page: http://www.crest.fr

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    as in new window
    1. Gershuny, Jonathan, 2000. "Changing Times: Work and Leisure in Postindustrial Society," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287872, March.
    2. Hamermesh, Daniel S., 2000. "Timing, Togetherness and Time Windfalls," IZA Discussion Papers 173, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Glenn Milligan, 1981. "A monte carlo study of thirty internal criterion measures for cluster analysis," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 187-199, June.
    4. Glenn Milligan, 1980. "An examination of the effect of six types of error perturbation on fifteen clustering algorithms," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 325-342, September.
    5. Laurent Lesnard, 2004. "Schedules as sequences: a new method to analyze the use of time based on collective rhythm with an application to the work arrangements of French dual-earner couples," electronic International Journal of Time Use Research, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)) and The International Association for Time Use Research (IATUR), vol. 1(1), pages 60-84, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2006-01. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Florian Sallaberry)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.