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Nonconsolidated subsidiaries, bank capitalization and risk taking

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  • Gong, Di
  • Huizinga, Harry
  • Laeven, Luc

Abstract

Bank holding companies may be effectively undercapitalized as a result of incomplete consolidation of minority ownership. Using two approaches -- consolidating the minority-owned subsidiaries into the parent or deducting equity investments in minority ownership from the parent’s capital -- we find that the effective capital ratios of US bank holding companies are substantially lower than the reported ratios. Empirical evidence suggests that the undercapitalization is associated with higher risk taking at the bank holding company level. These findings indicate that incomplete consolidation of minority-owned financial institutions constitutes a loophole in capital regulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Gong, Di & Huizinga, Harry & Laeven, Luc, 2015. "Nonconsolidated subsidiaries, bank capitalization and risk taking," CEPR Discussion Papers 10992, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:10992
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ricardo Correa & Linda S. Goldberg, 2020. "Bank Complexity, Governance, and Risk," International Finance Discussion Papers 1287, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Krause, Thomas & Sondershaus, Talina & Tonzer, Lena, 2017. "Complexity and bank risk during the financial crisis," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 118-121.
    3. Krause, Thomas & Sondershaus, Talina & Tonzer, Lena, 2016. "The Role of Complexity for Bank Risk during the Financial Crisis: Evidence from a Novel Dataset," IWH Discussion Papers 17/2016, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank leverage; capital regulation; organizational structure; risk taking; undercapitalization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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