European and Asian integration processes compared
A retrospective analysis of European integration shows how political factors and economic opportunities/constraints have interacted in the progressive design of an unprecedented form of federalism. Political reconciliation of former enemies (France and Germany), modesty of the first steps of economic integration (market for steel and coal, then of manufactured goods, prolonged by an extension to agricultural products), creation of an institution in charge of defending the common market and the general interest of Europe as such (European Commission), trial and error process in order to preserve the single European market in the era of financial instability (from EMS to euro), progressive building of political institutions in order to get legitimacy an approval by the citizen (European Parliament). Should the same strategy and criteria apply for contemporary economic integration processes, as observed in Latin-American (Nafta versus Mercosur) but also in Asia? Can an economic integration take place at the only intiative of multinational firms and is it possible to build new supranational coordinating mechanisms in the era of financial globalization? Paradoxically enough, regional integration is more necessary than ever but it has never been so difficult to achieve. The paper concludes that, given the current instability of global finance, the promotion of regional monetary stability and an adequate management of short term capital flows might be the required starting points for contemporary integration processes.
|Date of creation:||2003|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: 48 boulevard Jourdan - 75014 PARIS|
Phone: +33(0) 1 43 13 62 30
Fax: +33(0) 1 43 13 62 32
Web page: http://www.cepremap.fr/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- C. H. Kwan, 2002. "The Rise of China and Asia's Flying-Geese Pattern of Economic Development: An Empirical Analysis Based on US Import Statistics," Discussion papers 02009, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
- Lazaric Nathalie & Lorenz Edward, 1998. "Trust and Economic Learning," Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines, De Gruyter, vol. 8(2-3), pages 10, June.
- McKay, David, 2001. "Designing Europe: Comparative Lessons from the Federal Experience," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199244355.
- Robert Boyer, 2000. "The Political in the Era of Globalization and Finance: Focus on Some Régulation School Research," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(2), pages 274-322, 06.
- Buiter, Willem H. & Grafe, Clemens, 2002. "Anchor, Float or Abandon Ship: Exchange Rate Regimes for Accession Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 3184, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Naoko MUNAKATA, 2002. "Whither East Asian Economic Integration?," Discussion papers 02007, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:0302. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stéphane Adjemian)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.