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35 heures: contrainte et laissez-faire

  • Askenazy, Philippe

Ce papier propose une première évaluation théorique des deux lois Aubry sur les 35 heures. Si ces lois imposent une nouvelle contrainte aux entreprises en réduisant massivement la durée légale de travail, elles relâchent les contraintes pesant sur la liberté d'organisation du travail dans le cadre de négociations paritaires. Un modèle de négociation portant à la fois sur les salaires et les conditions/ Organisations du travail enrichit donc l'analyse des conséquences des lois Aubry. Celles-ci dépassent l'impact d'une simple réduction du temps de travail (RTT). En cohérence avec les premiers accords, la négociation peut aboutir à de nouvelles formes d'organisation du travail et à un maintien des salaires. Les différentes mesures, passage aux 35 heures, taxation des heures supplémentaires, incitations à la négociation..., sont étudiées en équilibre partiel puis en équilibre général. Ainsi, en équilibre général, les lois Aubry permettraient d'améliorer l'efficacité de la production et la rémunération du travail plus que de créer des emplois.

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File URL: http://www.cepremap.fr/depot/couv_orange/co0002.pdf
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Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) with number 0002.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:0002
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  1. Timothy F. Bresnahan & Erik Brynjolfsson & Lorin M. Hitt, 1999. "Information Technology, Workplace Organization and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Firm-Level Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7136, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Kochan, Thomas A., 1996. "What works at work : overview and assessment," Working papers 3886-96., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  3. Paul Osterman, 1994. "How common is workplace transformation and who adopts it?," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 47(2), pages 173-188, January.
  4. Friedman, Daniel & K., C. Fung, 1996. "International trade and the internal organization of firms: An evolutionary approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1-2), pages 113-137, August.
  5. Milgrom, Paul & Roberts, John, 1995. "Complementarities and fit strategy, structure, and organizational change in manufacturing," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 179-208, April.
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