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35 heures: contrainte et laissez-faire


  • Askenazy, Philippe


Ce papier propose une première évaluation théorique des deux lois Aubry sur les 35 heures. Si ces lois imposent une nouvelle contrainte aux entreprises en réduisant massivement la durée légale de travail, elles relâchent les contraintes pesant sur la liberté d'organisation du travail dans le cadre de négociations paritaires. Un modèle de négociation portant à la fois sur les salaires et les conditions/ Organisations du travail enrichit donc l'analyse des conséquences des lois Aubry. Celles-ci dépassent l'impact d'une simple réduction du temps de travail (RTT). En cohérence avec les premiers accords, la négociation peut aboutir à de nouvelles formes d'organisation du travail et à un maintien des salaires. Les différentes mesures, passage aux 35 heures, taxation des heures supplémentaires, incitations à la négociation..., sont étudiées en équilibre partiel puis en équilibre général. Ainsi, en équilibre général, les lois Aubry permettraient d'améliorer l'efficacité de la production et la rémunération du travail plus que de créer des emplois.

Suggested Citation

  • Askenazy, Philippe, 2000. "35 heures: contrainte et laissez-faire," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 0002, CEPREMAP.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpm:cepmap:0002

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Camille LOGEAY & Sven SCHREIBER, "undated". "Evaluating the Effectiveness of the French Work-Sharing Reform," EcoMod2004 330600093, EcoMod.

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    JEL classification:

    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production

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