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Innovation and jobs: evidence from manufacturing firms

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  • Garcia, Angel
  • Jaumandreu, Jordi
  • Rodriguez, Cesar

Abstract

This paper is aimed at structurally assessing the employment effects of the innovative activities of firms. We estimate firm level displacement and compensation effects in a model in which the stock of knowledge capital raises firm relative efficiency through process innovations and firm demand through product innovations. Displacement is estimated from the elasticity of employment with respect to innovation in the (conditional or Hicksian) demand for labour. Compensation effects are estimated from a firm-specific demand relationship. We also assess the enlargement and weakening of these effects due to firm agents’ behaviour aimed at appropriating innovation rents. We find that the potential employment compensation effect of process innovations surpasses the displacement effect, both in the short and long run (when competitors react), and that product innovation doubles the expanding impact by unit of expenditure, but also that agents’ behaviour can seriously reduce these effects. The actual elasticity of employment to knowledge capital is estimated, however, not far from unity, while “passive” productivity growth is suggested to have null or negative employment effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Garcia, Angel & Jaumandreu, Jordi & Rodriguez, Cesar, 2004. "Innovation and jobs: evidence from manufacturing firms," MPRA Paper 1204, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:1204
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/1204/1/MPRA_paper_1204.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Harrison, Rupert & Jaumandreu, Jordi & Mairesse, Jacques & Peters, Bettina, 2014. "Does innovation stimulate employment? A firm-level analysis using comparable micro-data from four European countries," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 29-43.
    2. Christine Mee Lie, 2016. "Do ‘green’ employment effects vary across industries? Implications for green growth," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20161014, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
    3. Harrison, Rupert & Jaumandreu, Jordi & Mairesse, Jacques & Peters, Bettina, 2005. "Does innovation stimulate employment? A firm-level analysis using comparable micro data on four European countries," MPRA Paper 1245, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Dachs, Bernhard & Hud, Martin & Koehler, Christian & Peters, Bettina, 2016. "Employment effects of innovations over the business cycle: Firm-level evidence from European countries," ZEW Discussion Papers 16-076, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. Ornaghi, Carmine, 2006. "Spillovers in product and process innovation: Evidence from manufacturing firms," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 349-380, March.
    6. Ornaghi, Carmine, 2002. "Assessing the effectos of measurement errors on the estimation of the production function," UC3M Working papers. Economics we023314, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    7. Peters, Bettina, 2004. "Employment Effects of Different Innovation Activities: Microeconometric Evidence," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-73, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    8. Cesar Rodriguez-Gutierrez, 2006. "An explanation of the changes in the proportion of temporary workers in Spain," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(1), pages 47-62.
    9. Angela Triguero & David Córcoles & Maria Cuerva, 2014. "Persistence of innovation and firm’s growth: evidence from a panel of SME and large Spanish manufacturing firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 43(4), pages 787-804, December.
    10. Aldieri, Luigi & Garofalo, Antonio & Vinci, Concetto Paolo, 2015. "R&D Spillovers and Employment: A Micro-econometric Analysis," MPRA Paper 67269, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Beom Cheol Cin & Hae-young Lee & Jongsung Kim, 2015. "Empirical analysis on the effect of technology innovation on employment in Korean Inno-Biz SMEs," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(4), pages 2258-2269.

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    JEL classification:

    • L0 - Industrial Organization - - General

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