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Salario mínimo y pobreza: un análisis de corte transversal para países en desarrollo

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  • Nora Lustig

    ()

  • Darryl McLeod

    ()

Abstract

“Este estudio analiza la relación entre salario mínimo y pobreza en los países en desarrollo. El análisis se realiza para un corte transversal de países, mediante una regresión de los cambios en los índices de pobreza con respecto a cambios en el salario mínimo y a otras variables que podrían afectar los niveles de pobreza. Los resultado muestran que el salario mínimo y la pobreza están inversamente relacionados: es decir, un incremento en el salario mínimo real va acompañado por una reducción de la pobreza. Estos resultados se repiten con la aplicación de diferentes medidas de pobreza, líneas e índices de pobreza y son consistentes con la denominada nueva economía del salario mínimo. Aún cuando los resultados no demuestran que la elevación del salario mínimo reducirá la pobreza, si están en la vía de quienes argumenten que la eliminación o reducción del salario mínimo ayudaría a los pobres. En forma similar, aquellos que defienden la eliminación o reducción del salario mínimo deberían ponderar el costo potencial para los pobres frente a las ganancias esperadas en eficiencia.”

Suggested Citation

  • Nora Lustig & Darryl McLeod, 1995. "Salario mínimo y pobreza: un análisis de corte transversal para países en desarrollo," Coyuntura Social 013219, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000486:013219
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/1830
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Situación Social; Desarrollo Social; Coyuntura Social; Salarios; Salario Mínimo; Pobreza; Países en Desarrollo;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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